When writing a case study, you can choose to take an analytical approach or a problem-oriented approach. An analytical approach focuses on conducting a case study analysis where the researcher seeks to understand what happened and why it happened. The problem-oriented approach seeks to analyze a case study in order to understand the existing problem and provide solutions to the problem. A successful case study that has adopted a problem-oriented approach will therefore have the following:
Show a link between a theory and a practical situation- Theories are developed after undertaking practical and systematic experiments. In fact, before a hypothesis is confirmed to be a theory, it must have the ability to be duplicated.
Identify problems-Different research procedures such as writing a case study focus on identifying problems that require practical solutions; otherwise, the research would not be credible.
Select the main problem- any research process include case study writing must identify a single significant issue that it will address. It is however important to acknowledge that there could be other problems related to the main issue.
Give recommendations to the problems– Writing case study borders on describing how a problem came into existence, and giving recommendations of how this problem can be eradicated. Although a singular problem may have multiple solutions, it is the responsibility of the research to come up with the most suitable solution to the problem.
Explain how the recommendation will be implemented– While giving recommendations to a certain problem, it is paramount that you also come up with systematic steps that will be followed. In addition, when writing a case study, make sure that you come up with an evaluation design or criteria that will be used to assess the effectiveness of the solutions.