- What historical factors have shaped America’s relationship with Yemen, and the Saudi and Iranian powers struggling over her? Does this history impact how the United States should respond to the current crisis within Yemen?
The relation between Yemen and the United States of America can be described as tepid, that is, it is not a warm relation, and the military ties as well as the commercial relations are very weak. The US decision to support the former president Ali Abdullah Saleh was also a major setback towards achieving stronger bilateral ties (Jeremy 5). However, in the recent past, the war against terrorism has brought the two countries a bit closer than before.
In 1967, the United States of America acknowledged the people’s democratic republic of Yemen and this made the south Yemen to cut its ties with the US. In the recent past, the military ties between the two nations have greatly improved including military training and provision of military equipment and their spare parts (“U.S Relations with Yemen”). The military financing by the US has also increased to over $8 million together with other funding under the section 1206 funding.
B) How would a fallen Yemen impact United States foreign policy and national security? What powers and limits does the federal executive have in a case like this?
The United States foreign policy offers guidance on how the United States should interact with other nations, organizations and individuals and the set standards in which the interactions should be conducted. The US foreign policy has the mission of building and sustaining more democracy, security, and prosperity in the world for the benefit of all the US citizens and the world population at large (Dumbrell and Barrett 38). A collapsed Yemen would cause a major blow to the US foreign policy. When the rebels defeat the Yemen government, they would have more resources to cause more harm to more people and this would not benefit anybody apart from the rebels. The Yemen citizens should have the benefit of living in a peaceful environment.
Rebels would only cause chaos and destruction if they defeat the Yemen government. The US foreign policy also aims at safeguarding the American businesses abroad, with a collapsed Yemen; American would no longer sustain its businesses in Yemen. The federal has the power to enter into treaties that would promote the US foreign policy (Dumbrell and Barrett 38). The federal has the sole authority of conducting inter-states diplomacy with the foreign countries, appoints foreign representatives, and can authorize defense forces to act so that the foreign policy is upheld.
C) Once President Obama develops his strategy, how should he use the media to deliver his message? Should he be wary of the media? If not, why not? If so, why specifically?
A number of events that happened in the 90’s have shaped media to be a very important potential political actor. It has been observed in many instances whereby the coverage by the media houses play huge roles in the decision making of foreign policy. The US president would have to act with caution when delivering message through the media (Robinson). The media has the ability of portraying a different picture from what the message initially intended to achieve. The president should therefore be wary of the media.
The president should not overlook the importance of appointed diplomats if for passing the most accurate message. However, the president must make the announcement promptly and faster to reduce the speculation of the media people. In most cases, these speculations can have impact on bilateral relations. Taking too much before giving a statement may mean that the US has lacked resolve and does not place much importance to an issue (Robinson).
D) What are the American political parties currently saying about this issue? Are there any relevant interest groups the president needs to worry about? How should he deal with these factions?
The republicans blame the current government for upholding the nuclear sanctions on Iraq as the major cause of the current crisis in Yemen. On the other hand, the democrats believe that the sanction is the best alternative and there is no going back on that decision. The republicans also view Yemen crisis as a policy failure while the democrats view it as a foreign policy success (Demonech). The interested groups in the Yemen crisis are the countries, which have joined airstrikes that are not led by the US army. That the US should be wary of these competing forces. The Houthi, the jihadists group in Yemen and the Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula are other interested groups. Any competing force that cannot reach an agreement through diplomacy would mean that the president has to order military action on them (Demonech).
E) Where is public opinion on the question of US policy towards Yemen? How can the president use and shape public opinion re this matter?
The American government loses the support of Yemen people with every single death of death of a Yemen citizen. Being a super-power, the citizens look upon the US to stop the stalemate and restore sanity back to the country (McCormick). The president should therefore use all the powers accorded to him in discharging foreign policy to stop the crisis.
Demonech, Ben. Obama Pitched a Great Iran Deal—in 2013.The Daily Beast.2015.Internet Resource. Available at http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2015/04/07/obama-pitched-a-great-iran-deal-in-2013.html
Jeremy, M. Sharp. Yemen: Background and the U.S Relations.2015.Internet Resource. Available at http://fas.org/sgp/crs/mideast/RL34170.pdf
McCormick, James M. American Foreign Policy, and Process. Boston, MA: Wadsworth Cengage Learning, 2010. Print.
Dumbrell John, David M. Barrett. The Making of U.S. Foreign Policy. U.S Foreign Policy Agenda. Diane Publishing. Vol 5,No 1.Print.Available at < https://books.google.co.ke/books?id=_VLyf1MeEvUC&pg=PA37&lpg=PA37&dq=how+to+communicate+a+foreign+policy+message+through+media&source=bl&ots=ssp6smQ6AP&sig=FLweY4Lfoyz5cRgUdfTmS5vpmSY&hl=en&sa=X&ei=NMgjVeHPCY2PaPD3gKAM&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=how%20to%20communicate%20a%20foreign%20policy%20message%20through%20media&f=false>
Robinson, Piers. Media as a Driving Force in International Politics: The CNN Effect and Related Debates. Global Policy. 2013. Internet Resource. Available at < http://www.globalpolicyjournal.com/blog/08/10/2013/media-driving-force-international-politics-cnn-effect-and-related-debates>
US Department Of State. U.S Relations with Yemen.August28, 2013.Internet Resources. Available at http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/35836.htm