Sports Research Paper on Dirt Bikes

Dirt Bikes


            The sanctioning body is a specific group in the sports category, which governs the general functioning of sports activities or the technology, used in sports. Sanctioning bodies entails regulatory functions, with an attempt to govern the disciplinary actions pertaining to teams or individuals alongside with the implied law and any changes in the already set rules. Sanctioning bodies also regulate several sporting activities, but mostly majors on devising guidelines and rules to advance the sporting activities and experience among all competitors, to seek the competitive demands rising from the entertainment options. Sanctioning bodies from the international concept promotes the events pursuant to specific regulations to be followed by participants for the match, game or even to make the event official. Motocross is ranked among the top popular racing sports globally. Multiple riding motorcycles emerged in the early 1900s with the designation of the first dirt track in 1924. The current free style motocross originated from England as a result of an off-road race. Honda, a company dealing with motorbikes won races in Europe, but special campaign had to be designed showcasing pretty women on Honda motorcycle and smiling businessmen. This was designed in Honda enterprise to eliminate the stereotyped notion that motorcycles were designed for criminals and thugs. The ad campaign resulted to public acceptance of Honda motorcycles, commonly known as dirt bikes and was owned by everybody who could afford them. Let us explore the technology of dirt biking as a form of motorcycle.


Dirt bike is a type of off-road motorcycle, normally ridden during racing sports or just for recreation. They are light to ease navigation, and are designed from unique tires, stiff suspension and rugged frame to maneuver rough and hilly terrain regardless of the weather conditions.Dirt bikes are normally used in motocross racing events and are mostly held in Asia, Europe and North America.

An adverse weather conditions ensure that the bikes are constructed with several high-performance components doubled with stet motorcycles such as sports bikes and cruisers. They are also used for outdoor recreation, competitions and daily riding situations. The discussion in this context outlines the various aspects of dirt bike and how it impacts the society.

History of Dirt Bikes

They were first invented in the 19th century and have since evolved with technological advances (Scotts, 2002). Gottlieb Daimler manufactured the first motorcycle bike in the year 1885.  Since this invention of motorbike, technology has been focused to improve its gripping tires, the powerful engines and advanced frame designs. The company is credited for manufacturing these bikes at Honda Technical Research Institute and was initiated by Soichiro Honda in the year 1946 (Scotts, 2002).

Being a Japanese brands, Honda dirt bikes are the most sold bikes across the planet. Honda dirt bike was designed over half a century ago, and has since evolved to advance its bikes to individuals around the globe. The first motorcycle was designed in the year 1949, and within few decades it was declared the best motorcycle globally. Much is expected regarding the last few decades of Honda, with reduced bumps from their subsequent dirt bikes (Scotts, 2002). The company has since advanced to improve smooth acceleration power and aluminum framing.

Various Types of Dirt Bikes

The rugged terrains and suspensions are mostly considered when designing most dirt bikes. To ride on rough terrains such as rocks, mud and dirt; dirt bikes have to be modified. Dirt bikes come in two-stroke and four-stroke engine and possess a variety of varying features which are categorized in four major groups;


These bikes are designed to compete under closed course racing. They use single cylinder engines which are intended for first speed, and their suspension systems navigates rapid acceleration and jumps on motorcycle track. They are light but lack speedometers, electric starters, lights, mirrors or kickstands that only slow down the bike and are not required on race track. This type of dirt is equipped with a long and flat seat to enable the riders shift their rapid weight and in the process increase traction around the corners. In this bike design, comfort is not a necessity since the riders in motocross normally stand.


This type of bike is similar to motocross, only that they differ in appearance and intentions. The light frames enable the bike to be used in longer races, and joins the off-road racing with street racing through the rough terrains (Scotts, 2002). Unlike the motocross, enduro offers silencers, mirrors, turn signals and headlights to reduce the pollution of noise in engines, enabling an asphalt surface ride. Due to their reduced personal comforts however, they are not suitable for the casual long-distance travel.

Trail Riders

These bikes have the capacity to navigate long rides through the rough terrains. They are however not suited for high-speed racing, and therefore cannot jump high and unlike the motocross. Their modifications resemble enduro bikes. Foot pegs are located in natural positions for a comfy ride. They are light with reduced plastic framing, larger tires and elongated suspension. It rides best on several dirt surfaces.


These bikes are manufactured with speedometers, headlights, mirrors and signals to transform them to street legality. Asphalt and dirt surfaces are the main riding platforms for such bikes. They are faster than street bike on rough terrain. Most bikes in dual sports utilize single-cylinder engines due to the light and simple weight that is advantageous on rugged terrain. The dual-sport is however heavier than motocross and enduro bikes since they are not designed for the purpose of competition (Scotts, 2002). This bike is commonly used as a learning tool by the new riders since they are easy to balance than most bikes and the controls are located in plain sight. They are also affordable because they utilize less chrome and plastic.

Parts of Dirt Bikes

Classified as motorcycles, dirt bikes are purposely designed to be ridden on gravelly, sand, dirt or muddy terrain. Nonetheless, they differ from the regular motorcycle since their ground clearance and tires are designed for dirt riding prior to pavements. They have unique body parts to accomplish the various tasks associated with it. Let us explore some parts of a dirt bike.


When the body parts are removed, motorcycles posit a basic frame with attached suspension. The frame offers structural support to the bike; it is made from aluminum or steel and supports the weight of all the other parts attached. The bike suspension is essential when riding on a rough terrain, and is composed of the rear shocks and the swing arm. Both the shock and axles are connected to the swing arm, while the swing arm is horizontally connected to the rear axle. The forks are located in front of the dirt bike and serves as suspension.


In order to cope with bad terrain, dirt bikes are equipped with special tires. The tires are surrounded with soft rubber entangled with blocks which are closely spaced tread and are specifically suitable for the hard terrain. Hard rubber tires are designed for the soft terrain due to the scoop block pattern. For the best grip in sand tires, a paddle tread with wider spaces is normally incorporated.


Dirt bikes are classified under the engine displacement categories. The volume of fuel and air that is withdrawn within a single cycle is referred to as engine displacement and is mostly measured in centimeter cubic. For easy identification of dirt bikes, most bikes are incorporated with the symbol cc as part of their naming; consider for instance, BMW G450x and Beta 450 RS Super Moto are two different brands but share same displacement.The central base area of the bike hosts the engine, fuel tank and lubrication.


Good brakes are essential for the navigation of trail riding and motocross when using dirt bikes. Every wheel is equipped with distinguished brakes. Based on their designs, either the drum or disc can be incorporated as brakes. In drum brakes, the pressure of stopping is exerted from the inside axle, whereas in disc brakes, a pad is exerted on the outside brake to slow the bike.

Laws on Dirt Biking

Concerning on-road motorcycle, some laws are similar. However, trail racing and off-road dirt biking vary from state to state. Nonetheless, some states have more laws on dirt biking than others, while other states lack regulations all together at once. The federal laws, paperwork and state laws are some of the ways through which states pass regulations (Warner, 2009). Under paperwork, majority of states are governed by tilting and registration of off-road motorcycles.

Most countries check for titles, registration and proof of liability before their citizens can legally participate in dirt biking. Under state laws, there are two set of laws that govern off-road bikes. In some states however, helmets is the only requirement on road, but this does not imply for the off-road (Warner, 2009). The off-road riding laws on state land are regulated by the individual states based on sound levels, lights and mufflers. Most federal lands and states require spark arrestors and the age at which one is allowed to dirt bike varies from one state to another. Under Federal laws, the Bureau of Land Management have public lands for dirt biking (Warner, 2009).

How to service Dirt Bikes

Dirt bikes succumb to constant abuse, which exert pressure on the elements of the bike. A proper maintenance service schedule is often implemented to avoid untimely breakdown. Both the king of trails and the local warrior at the local race track requires certain services to avoid the unnecessary damage to parts of the bike. Some of the maintenance tasks to implement include spraying the bike with pressure washer from all angles to remove the huge pieces of debris, mud, dirt and rocks. Secondly, the faulty parts of a bike and the loose bolts should be inspected. Thirdly, the rear wheel should be spanned, while spraying the chain with chain tubes.

Additionally, to ensure that all water is removed from the engine, the bike should be started and allowed to idle for some few minutes. Additionally, oil drain pan should be implemented to drain the oil so as to distinguish the fuel premix from oil, and to eliminate old engine (Warner, 2009). To affirm the level of the coolant, radiator cap should be left unscrewed. The rubber lid be hooked to uplift the air box which serves the purpose of positioning the lid in place. The filter clean should then be sprayed using a filter cleaner and later rinsed with clean water.

How Dirt Biking Influence the society and Environment

Cultural Perspective

Some of the leaders in most neighborhoods criticize the government for failing to control dirt riders, who race over neighborhood in packs of 50 or 60 at once; performing tricks and popping wheelies, weaving in and out of traffic. But it is not everyone who seconds the move to drive away riders which have turned out to be a subculture, channeling a group of young boys and men from drugs and violence into the motocross world. The sport has attracted the thrill of riding fast to impress each other with athletes feats.  Some city leaders have therefore joined forces to create secluded places such as parks and trails where individuals are permitted to easily ride the bikes.

Just like mountain biking has been embraced, the popular culture should also embrace the riding of dirt bikes. A group of teenagers over eighteen years in an effort to protest against the ban of dirt bikes, says that they are not shooting anybody; neither are they selling drugs or doing anything bad to members of the society. The efforts to ban this sporting activity by some neighborhood leaders has since been challenging due to the reforms benefited by the youths, who would otherwise be engaging in drugs trafficking or any other illegal activities.

Economic Issues

Climate change has been on progress for decades now, and its effects are widely visible to everyone. In the long ran, it is important to respect the environment, and the best way to so is by conserving it. History confirms that civilizations collapsed for their poor co-ordination with the environment. In the past, environmental degradation was credited to certain geographical restrictions; the modern world points the degradation to the effects of human ecological intervention and exploitation that has affected the entire planet. Environment is therefore a catastrophic phenomenal to each individual on planet earth. We should therefore practice an Eco-friendly dirt bike riding to sustain our environment. Our race riding passion should however not trace a single negative impact to the environment. We should therefore ride in areas where negative impacts on environment can be repaired, managed or mitigated.

Some of the environmental pollution experienced through dirt biking include erosion, noise and endangering wildlife. Riders can however assist the environment by a number of activities such as keeping their riding gear and dirt bike clean between rides, collecting the rubbish left behind after enjoying a ride, respecting other trail users; inclusive of both people and wildlife, riding on designated trails and tracks and bearing in mind that we all share the natural resources posited in the world. It is through the art of environmental preservation that results to the sharing of economic resources that we economically benefit from our environment.


            This paper has analyzed several aspects of a dirt bike. A dirt bike is a household name for the various types of motorcycles. Technologically, the current motorcycle has evolved over the years to an advanced bike. Current dirt bikes come in different types and brands to meet the different needs and requirements. The varying parts of dirt bikes are suited for different functions. For a dirt bike to last longer and avoid the unnecessary breakdown, it requires proper maintenance services. Dirt bikes have both the positive and negative impact to society. It can however be used to impact the society in a positive way.


Scotts, L. (2002). Top 4 Dirt Bikes for 2011. Top 4 Dirt Bikes for 2011. Retrieved June 8, 2014,              from

Wagner, R. (2009, May 12). Facts About Dirt Bikes. Retrieved June 8, 2014, from             http://www.motorsports/facts_5019404_dirt-bikes.html