Social Work and Human Services Essay on National and international challenges

National and international challenges

            Human services professionals are responsible for solving various challenges that affect the society both at the national and international level. These challenges necessitate the need for social change agents with great sense of responsibility and leadership skills. It is crucial for change agents to consider the moral philosophy of a given society for change to occur (Barak, Nissly & Levin, 2001). Poor health care is a major national challenge that the human social services professionals have to deal with. This is especially common among the impoverished populations. To address the issue of poor health the affected nations may consider allocating more funds to the health care sector to enhance development of the necessary infrastructure. The management may need to adopt various change management theories to enhance effective change in the sector. The Lewin’s change model is one of the change models that can be helpful to the sector in addressing the need for change (Burnes, 2004). The model proposes the phases that the employees need to undergo to implement, effectively, the change programs.

            Violation of human rights is an international challenge that affects the welfare of the people. The disputes among nations and acts of terrorism are the major reasons for violation of human rights. The human services professionals have a responsibility of ensuring that the dignity of the people is upheld even at the international level. Guided by the ethical theories, the human services professionals may be able to achieve the objective of promoting justice and equity among nations. The most suitable ethical theory in international challenges is the normative ethics that determine the extent to which an action is wrong or right (Manners, 2008). This can be used to enact laws that guide nations on human rights and justice.


Barak, M. E. M., Nissly, J. A., & Levin, A. (2001). Antecedents to retention and turnover among child welfare, social work, and other human service employees: What can we learn from past research? A review and metanalysis. Social service review75(4), 625-661.

Burnes, B. (2004). Kurt Lewin and the planned approach to change: a re‐appraisal. Journal of Management studies41(6), 977-1002.

Manners, I. (2008). The normative ethics of the European Union. International Aaffairs, 45-60.