Sample Urban Studies Paper on A shift in Size and Race in Chicago Neighborhoods

A shift in Size and Race in Chicago Neighborhoods

Countries conduct census activities to monitor changes in their demographics. Governments use census data to align and plan their development based on their demographic change. According to MacArthur Foundation, the University of Illinois Chicago (UIC) report on population shifts indicate that Chicago holds onto its spot as the third largest city in the United States but continues to experience shifts in demographic trends. The 2020 census illustrated Chicago’s neighborhood’s dynamic changes in the city’s racial makeup. Policymakers and local leaders in Chicago should debate the future of metropolitan Chicago since the region has continued to register ubiquitous results in the community’s population growth.

Statistics from the Chicago Metropolitan Agency for Planning indicate that between 2005 – 2016 the Hispanic population in metropolitan Chicago declined significantly. The demographic change was attributed to the international immigration of Hispanic residents to metropolitan Chicago has stagnated leading to slower population growth (Chicago Metropolitan Agency for Planning). However, the 2020 census results show that Chicago’s population increased by 2% over the last decade (Malagon et al.). Hispanics and Asians accounted for the largest share of the population growth in the city. The Latino population in Chicago grew by 5% between 2010 and 2020 (Malagon et al.). The Hispanic population growth between 2010 – 2020 was historical since the Latinos managed to surpass African-Americans as the largest ethnic or racial group in Illinois, Chicago, and Cook County (Chicago Metropolitan Agency for Planning).  The 2020 census data indicate that in 2010 Chicago had about 778,000 compared to 819,000 Latinos in 2020 (Malagon et al.). The racial growth represents about a 1% increase in the number of Hispanics in the city (Malagon et al.). Policymakers in Chicago should align their policies based on the city’s demographic changes to ensure that the economic and social interests of all the locals in the metropolitan region are met.

The United States is an inclusive society comprising different ethnic and racial groups. Demographic changes in metropolitan Chicago are a representation of diversity in the United States. The Hispanics have managed to outnumber the population of African-Americans in metropolitan Chicago. Consequently, policymakers and leaders in the region should promote inclusivity in the metropolitan Chicago area to promote peace, equality, and equity in the distribution of resources (UCI Today). Discrimination encourages economic, political, and social conflicts. As a result, promoting inclusivity in metropolitan Chicago will help in encouraging the growth of the region. Blacks, Hispanics, Whites, and Asians should feel included in decision-making and distribution of resources in the region to avert any division.

Overall, Chicago continues to experience the lowest population growth in the United States due to shifts in size and race. The population of African-Americans in Chicago continues to dwindle while Asians and Latinos experience significant growth. However, the population of Hispanics in Chicago varies from one census data to the other. For example, between 2005 – 2016, the population of Latinos in Chicago dwindled while census results recorded between 2010 – 2020 illustrate that the Hispanic population has registered a significant growth overtaking the Blacks. The constant demographic changes based on racial and ethnic groups in Chicago call for leaders to preach inclusivity. Any form of racial or ethnic discrimination in metropolitan Chicago can lead to economic, political, and social unrest in the region. Policymakers and leaders in the area should call for inclusivity and structure their laws based on racial and ethnic group changes in metropolitan Chicago. All racial groups in metropolitan Chicago should feel involved in the running of the city and have equal access to resources. Demographic changes in metropolitan Chicago are inevitable and leaders should promote inclusivity and embrace the divergent ethnic groups in the region.




Works Cited

Chicago Metropolitan Agency for Planning. “Socioeconomic Shifts in the Chicago Region.” CMAP, Accessed 28 Nov. 2022.

Malagon, E., et al. “Chicago Population Up 2% over the Past Decade As City Keeps Title of Third-largest City in U.S.” Chicago Sun-Times, 12 Apr. 2022, Accessed 28 Nov. 2022.

UCI Today. “MacArthur Foundation, UIC Report Examines Population Shifts in Chicago, Metro Area.” UIC Today, 28 Nov. 2022, Accessed 28 Nov. 2022.