Sample Sociology Essay Paper on Multiculturalism in Canada

Multiculturalism in Canada

Canada passed the multiculturalism act in 1989 to support various cultures from other countries. Since Canada is always open to new immigrants, cultures, religions and ethnics from foreign countries are highly respected. According to the recent statistics in Canada, population of immigrants has drastically increased which has impacted on Canada’s identity as a nation (Bissoondath, 2003). Consequently, multiculturalism in Canada has caused disunity in the country as it encourages ethnic and minority groups to keep a strong identity from their place of origin thus de-emphasizing the shared rights, history and values that define Canada.

Multicultural policies maintains and isolates ethnic groups thus enforcing an inward mentality and leads to a strong division between the minority and majority groups. Therefore, such policies leads to a psychology of separatism among the cultures.  New ethnic groups are isolated from the majority ethnic groups in Canada that resulting to the notion of undeniable ghettoization. Essentially, the new ethnic groups are hence more focused on their homeland than what lies in their new country. Thus, multiculturalism leads to disintegration of a country, formation of ethnic ghettos or cults and separatism from the country’s shared rights, history and values that define their new country (Bissoondath, 2003).

Additionally, a situation of increasing neighborhood concentration among ethnic groups violates the traditional ecological models that seek integration of majority, immigrants and minority groups geographically as they assimilate the new culture of the country. Although congregation in particular area may have the benefits of a sense of belonging to a particular minority group, continued and increased congregation implies a breakdown in the process of assimilating new culture hence exclusion from the new society.

Typically, cultural groups are viewed to only focus on separation from the majority groups. Therefore, ethnic groups are essentially considered to be a fifth column in the Canadian society (Duncan, 1999). Example, in the early 1990s, Catholics were seen as separatists who were unwilling to integrate with the new found community as it was viewed that they were only loyal to the pope. In the contemporary Canada, Muslims are viewed to be only loyal to Mecca, a notion that is untrue. This point of view in regard to minorities and new ethnic groups has increased separatism in Canada.

Multiculturalism as practiced in Canada contains failed elements of uniting new ethnic groups and Canadian culture thus resulting t balkanization and ghettoization in Canada. Racial segregation and minority group’s marginalization as well as discrimination in places of work has contributed greatly to the existence of low income housing development ghettoized as well as poor slums among the ethnic groups. Therefore, the notion of marginalization as perceived by the ethnic groups and immigrants has increased separatisms in Canada due (WALKS & BOURNE, 2006).

Finally, multicultural policies in Canada enhance separation of minority groups to focus only on their own homeland cultures and practices.  Essentially, multicultural policies and programs are designed to exclude minorities. The programs include segregation to a certain geographical area and marginalization from the majority groups in Canada to slums. Although the programs are perceived to enhance newcomers to adapt of institutions, deter racisms and enhance cultural events, the programs enhance separation thus discouraging immigrant’s cultures to actively participate in the society (Bissoondath, 2003). The programs are designed to create a parallel minority society rather than including immigrants in the society. Therefore, the programs encourages ethnic groups to keep a sense of strong identity from their place of origin because these programs perceived to enhance multiculturalism do not emphasize enough the shared rights, identity and values that define Canada.


Bissoondath, N. (October 01, 2003). Selling illusions: the cult of multiculturalism in Canada. Peace Research Abstracts, 40, 5.). retrieved from:

WALKS, R. A. L. A. N., & BOURNE, L. A. R. R. Y. S. (September 01, 2006). Ghettos in Canada’s cities? Racial segregation, ethnic enclaves and poverty concentration in Canadian urban areas. The Canadian Geographer/le Geographer Canadian, 50, 3, 273-297. Retrieved from:

Duncan, D. (January 01, 1999). Multiculturalism in Canada16, 65-76. Retrieved from: