Soci Discussion 3
Irrespective of the sporadic triumph in tackling homelessness in Canada, minimal advancement has been realized in creating lasting cross-country resolution. It has been reported that more than 200,000 Canadians suffer homeless every year, over 30,000 experience homelessness each night, and above 50,000 are a segment of the hidden homeless each day where they are accommodated by relatives or pals temporarily because they have no other place to go. The research by the Canadian Alliance to End Homelessness (CAEH) and the Canadian Homelessness Research Network (CHRN) established that yearly use of shelter did not vary considerably between 2005 and 2009 though the average stay became longer (“30,000 Canadians are homeless,” 2013). In this regard, the report asserted that it is the high time that the nation changed its focus from disaster management (approaches such as soup kitchens and emergency shelter beds) to more stable resolutions. A move at warehousing people could result in a state of complacency; although it is not a good approach where over fifty people reside in a given house, it would mark a stride in the right direction.
Out of the more than 200,000 individuals that employ homeless shelters in a given year, approximately four to eight thousand of them are what the research terms chronically homeless. Moreover, a somewhat greater number (about 22,000) falls in the category of the episodic homeless as they are the individuals who move into and out of homeless shelters numerous times in several years. Most of the homeless Canadians (approximately 188,000) are in the group of transitional homeless since they are the people who get into the shelter system for a short time of no more than one month (“30,000 Canadians are homeless,” 2013). For such people, homelessness acts as a one-time occurrence. Although the first couple of categories form less than 15% of the homeless populace, they represent over 50% of the resources of the homelessness structure.
Different facets push people into the situation of homelessness; they include abject poverty, job loss, joblessness, mental disorder, and domestic violence to mention a few. Furthermore, it has been found that variations in the housing markets and the economy at large are contributing to homelessness. The introduction of reasonably priced housing has been way less than the requirements of the population (“30,000 Canadians are homeless,” 2013). Additionally, there has been a reduction in the level of affordable housing in most of the urban centers. When this is combined with the reducing incomes in addition to an extensive cutback in social gains for the low-income earners, it results in a population that has to use a higher proportion of its earnings on housing. Research affirms that more than one million Canadians, both the ones with low incomes and those using over 30% of their income on housing, are in danger of turning out to be homeless.
In spite of the few indications of a comprehensive national turnaround in the homelessness issue, there are signs of improvement as solutions are being proposed. One of the proposed remedies is the federal government’s Homelessness Partnering Strategy (HPS) that backs research studies on homelessness and operates with societies in addressing the issue. Moreover, numerous schemes at the municipal and provincial stages seem to be making advancement (“30,000 Canadians are homeless,” 2013). For example, Alberta province declared a ten-year plan for the termination of homelessness in 2008. From that time, the region has witnessed a 16% decline in homelessness.
30,000 Canadians are homeless every night. (2013, June 19). CBC News. Retrieved from http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/30-000-canadians-are-homeless-every-night-1.1413016