Asthma in Corona, Queens
Corona, Queens, NY 11368 had a total population of 2,230,722 as at 2010. The state’s median income between the years 2006 and 2010 was approximately $ 55,291. The total composition of the population by race was 19.1% black American, 22.9 Asian, 27.5 Hispanic, 29.7 white and 0.8% others.
Poverty in Corona, Queens is defined in terms of the people that live below the established poverty level by the federal government. Very high poverty is defined as those who live above 30 percent while low poverty is defined as those who live below 10 percent. In 2010, 30.5 percent to 72.4 percent of black Americans were classified to be living under conditions of high poverty with only 1.1 to 3.7 percent described as living under conditions of low poverty. 39.9 to 72.4 percent of the Hispanic lived under very high poverty compared to 6.5 to 12.8 percent of the population who lived under low poverty. On the other hand, the non-Hispanic whites classified, as living under very high poverty were 60.4 to 84.1 percent compared to 1.4 to 13.6 percent who lived under very low poverty. The populations classified to live under conditions of very high poverty rates reported 25.4 to 37.6 percent fair general health status while those under very low poverty reported 8.8 to 15.4 percent. At least 23.1 to 27.3 percent of those who lived under conditions of very high poverty reported to have no insurance while those living under very low poverty reported a 5.5 percent to 12.7 percent with no health insurance.
My major is nursing and most of the concerns raised by nursing practitioners are the spread of communicable diseases, specifically asthma. The data used for this report is very important given the fact that Asthma can be prevented through adequate measures (Xu, Town, Balluz, Bartoli, Murphy, Chowdhury & Crawford, 2013). It has been observed that Asthma treatments costs too much money to the people, and thus its control will be very useful in controlling the costs. Among the populations that lived under conditions of high poverty, 14.1 to 29.4 percent had been diagnosed with Asthma while about 3.6 to 8.4 percent of the population living under conditions of very low poverty reported to have Asthma. An estimated 0 to 25.6 percent of adults living under very low poverty and 70.3 to 100 percent living under very high poverty reported to have visited an urgent health care and emergency room for treatment. Generally, the highest percentage of those who reported cases of Asthma infections was smokers at 14.1 percent to 29.3 percent for persons under the category of very high poverty. A much higher percentage of 18.5 to 32.1 percent had drinking related cases in the last 30 days. This clearly indicates that most of the Asthma infections were caused by acute smoking and drinking habits. This is a major implication to nursing practice given the fact that majority of the people are young adults. Generally, the population is not doing well in eradicating cases of Asthma as compared to other states.
The main determinants of nursing health include lifestyles, such abuses of drugs (McGlynn, Asch, Adams, Keesey, Hicks, DeCristofaro & Kerr, 2003). Others include the frequency in which an individual attends a health facility for screening and treatment, and thus prevent development of chronic forms of the disease. Thus, the social determinants of health imply that the societal lifestyle is one of the most influential factors in health status.
H1: Lifestyle determines the status of nursing health.
H2: Nursing screening frequency is positively related to individual health in Asthma.
McGlynn, E. A., Asch, S. M., Adams, J., Keesey, J., Hicks, J., DeCristofaro, A., & Kerr, E. A. (2003). The quality of health care delivered to adults in the United States. New England journal of medicine, 348(26), 2635-2645.
Xu, F., Town, M., Balluz, L. S., Bartoli, W. P., Murphy, W., Chowdhury, P. & Crawford, C. A. (2013). Surveillance for certain health behaviors among States and selected local areas—United States, 2010. MMWR Surveill Summ, 62(1), 1-247.