Sample Religious Studies Essay on Early Child Development and Care

Writing about two students posts

The two articles to be used in the paper are ‘Early childhood poverty damages the brain development of a child’ by Allie Bidwell and ‘The need for pretend play in childhood development’ by Scott Barry Kaufman. The purpose of the first article is to determine the effect that poverty on children has on their development at their early ages. The study is important because it clarifies the truthiness of the claim that, early poverty exposure to children lowers their academic performance and leads to low memory and emotion processing. The hypothesis used is that, the early exposure to poverty makes children perform poorly in their schoolwork (Allie, 2013). The purpose of the second study is to determine the need for pretend plays in the child development process. The study is of significance because it outlines the advantages associated with pretend plays in children development. However, second study omitted its hypotheses.

145 children of 6 to 12 years were used in the first study. The measure used in the study was a brain scan, where the brains of all the participants were scanned and later analyzed. The findings were that children who had been exposed to poverty at their early age had altered brain make up and their white as well as cortical gray matters were small. In the second study, there was no actual study done but several other literature by other scientists on the topic were reviewed. The findings were that benefits such as increased use of language arise due to pretend plays, which improve the social development of children (Scott, 2012). However, no study lacks some limitations but the two authors did not include the limitations in their articles. In the first study, what I found most interesting is that early child poverty exposure not only causes poor school performance but also antisocial behavior as well as mental disorders. From the second study, what was most interesting is that pretend plays are a platform for both positive and negative expressions, which help in the integration of cognition and emotions in children.


Allie B. (2013). Early childhood poverty damages the brain development of a child. Early Child Development and Care, 21-23.

Scott B. K. (2012). The need for pretend play in childhood development. U.S News and World Reports, 14-15.