Sample Psychology Paper on Intelligence


Intelligence is a cognitive skill that mainly focuses on key factors like solving problems through decision making. It is also a mental ability that is involved in coming up with appropriate reasoning on all premises before drawing a conclusion. It also entails making proper calculations on every situation before coming up with the best solution to it. Intelligence can either be inherited or can be influenced by the environment in which one lives in. therefore generalized intelligence is The most convincing evidence for a single general intelligence model is the fact that there is proof of a single general factor that governs the level of intelligence of an individual . Furthermore, there is a very high correlation between IQ and very simple cognitive tasks, which supports the theory of one general intelligence; the ability of a mind being able to solve problems from varied situations. Multiple intelligence is the kind of ability that is endowed in each person; this means that everyone is intelligent in one way or another. Therefore everyone has unique abilities that form the basis of their strength.

The theory of multiple intelligences separates intelligence into specific ‘modalities’, rather   as opposed to considering knowledge to be commanded by a solitary general capacity. Howard Gardner proposed; The Theory of Multiple Intelligences. As per Gardner, an insight must satisfy eight criteria: potential for cerebrum disengagement by mind harm, put in transformative history, nearness of center operations, vulnerability to encoding (typical expression), a particular formative movement, the presence of intellectuals, wonders and other uncommon individuals, and support from test brain science and psychometric discoveries. There is a difference in the two theories in that different proponents of one general intelligence all agree that there is a single factor that determines intelligence, and the proponents of multiple intelligences agree that there is more than one single type of intelligence. However, the different proponents of multiple intelligences don’t concede to how very different knowledge there are, or could be. I highly agree with General intelligence simply because there is a g factor that determines the level of intelligence of a person. Intelligence in this case will depend on the ability to solve problems and make decisions properly.

Standardized testing perform the role of revealing the skills and knowledge that a student possess, however they should not be used to evaluate the effectiveness of a learning or teaching technique, similarly, it should not be used to assess the quality of education offered as it may not be very accurate.

An essential issue with state administered testing is the objective to procure quantifiable reactions crosswise over subjects or crosswise over testing times the issue of social inclination in government sanctioned testing makes many individuals irate on the grounds that it underestimates expansive sections of society cultivating generalizations. Culture-reasonable tests, likewise called sans culture tests, are intended to survey insight (or different traits) without depending on learning particular to any individual social gathering. Notwithstanding when guardians’ salary and riches is tantamount, African Americans, Native Americans, Latinos, and settlers for English’s identity not a first dialect linger behind English-talking, local conceived, white understudies. African Americans contain the United States’ biggest racial minority, representing 12.1 percent of the aggregate populace. This affirmation requires a more noteworthy mindfulness and incorporation of social issues into the appraisal and treatment of ethnically and semantically assorted customers. The question is raised whether instruments utilized for subjective evaluation are satisfactory for a multicultural society driving this paper to an in-dept survey of present day testing contemplations in regards to multicultural populaces, particularly African Americans. African American gatherings were found to score higher than Caucasians on various scales related with psychopathology in early MMPI investigate. This prompted theory that the test was one-sided, and some presumed that the first MMPI standards, in light of an only Caucasian specimen ought not to be connected to African Americans .Critics of current tests claim that they discriminate against African Americans by calling for various types of knowledge unavailable to those outside the middle-class majority cultural mainstream.  Steele, Spencer, and Aronson (2002) hypothesized that concerns arise and performance is hindered when being stereotypically judged.  Consequently, when individuals from racial minority bunches experience tests, there is the propensity for a few individuals from their populace amass score bring down by and large on tests prompting the conclusion to worry that they may  do inadequately on tests and hence affirm the generalization. This worry can divert the test taker from his or her capacity to concentrate the greater part of their consideration on the test and results in sub-par test execution.

Work cited

Hawkins, Jeff, and Sana Blakeslee. On Intelligence. New York: Henry Holt and Company, 2013. Internet resource