Sample Psychology Paper on Effects of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Disorder to Pregnancy

Effects of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Disorder to Pregnancy


Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Disorder is basically constrain in a child resulted from a pregnant mother exposing the developing child in the womb to alcohol. FASD comprise Partial FAS, Alcohol related Neurodevelopment Disorder; (ARND), Fetal-Alcohol Syndrome (FAS), and Fetal-Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) (Philip, et, al. 475).

These disorders includes damaging the child’s cerebral matter that ends up causing neuro-psychological and observable dysfunction. One of the well-known disorder is FAS out of its typical craniofacial-dysmorphologies and development deficiency generated by early fetal subjection to alcoholism.


Typical facial characteristics

The head of the child may become small, a face which is flat and narrowed eye openings, for instance. This may not be realized during the birth or the first few months of the birth. But as the child continues growing, probably at the age of 2 or 3 years this mentioned effect gets more obvious and easily noticed.




Problems with the child’s development.

The child’s development sequence of physical, right from the birth to the beginning of adulthood, unprogressive development is strongly influenced (Jacqueline, et al.441). Such that this child may be smaller than other children of the same age thus not reaching milestone at the expected time. (Jacqueline, et al.441).


Fetal Alcohol syndrome disorder can also lead to miscarriage. The pregnancy process is delicate and hence consumption of alcohol can cause definite termination (Zeyan, et, al.128). Alcohol finds its way in woman’s bloodstream and reaches her developing fetus by intersecting the placenta. (Zeyan, et, al.128)

Behavioral and social problems.

Babies born on this condition may tend to be stressed or fussy, and have sleeping disorders (Helena, et al.742). At later stage as the child gets older and on his /her teen age may have: trouble relating along with friends and other people, behavior problems like poor attention and concentration, hectic and impulsiveness (Helena, et al.742). In additional to that, during learning, the child may have a problem especially in math, poor memory, and poor problem-solving skills (Helena, et al.742).



Birth/physical defects.

As a result of the pregnant woman consuming alcohol during the first trimester, the key stages of fetus development, impairment of physical feature may be introduced. This may include; joints malformation, fingers and limbs, failing of the heart and issues with kidneys and bones, eyesight difficulties or even at times hearing problems among others.



The effects of Fetus Alcohol Syndrome Disorder can be prevented if only a pregnant woman don’t drink alcohol at all during pregnancy. When trying to get pregnant, she should not drink alcohol. Considering to give up on alcohol during her childbearing years could also prevent FASD.






Work Cited


Domeij, Helena, et al. “Experiences of living with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: a systematic review and synthesis of qualitative data.” Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology 60.8 (2018): 741-752.

Liew, Zeyan, et al. “Maternal plasma perfluoroalkyl substances and miscarriage: a nested case–control study in the Danish National Birth Cohort.” Environmental health perspectives 128.4 (2020): 047007.

May, Philip A., et al. “Prevalence of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders in 4 US communities.” Jama 319.5 (2018): 474-482.

Pei, Jacqueline, et al. “Teacher-Reported Prevalence of FASD in Kindergarten in Canada: Association with Child Development and Problems at Home.” Journal of autism and developmental disorders 51 (2021): 433-443.