Sample Psychology Article Review Paper on Biological Basis of Psychology, Sensation, and Perception, or Memory and Cognition

Carbon, C. (2014). Understanding Human Perception by Human-Made Illusions. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience.


The purpose of the article was to affirm that it is crucial to acknowledge that perceived illusions depend on an individual’s ability to simulate and sustain work. Consequently, a person’s abilities and limits based on perceptual apparatus can be specified for the cognitive sub-processes underlying the perceptions to be analyzed.   According to Claus-Christian (2014), illusions point to specific powers of an individual’s perceptions. Thus, human perceptions should enable people to enhance their sensory abilities in order to perceive, orient, and act efficiently and specifically. Thus, statement of the researcher’s hypothesis is strengthening the notion that specific illusions can help people to understand perceptions. The standard methodological criteria was applied in completing the research article as it allowed the author to affirm that peoples’ perceptions can be reliable and objective. The study methodology, however, assumed that objectivity refers to consensual among participants without necessarily providing evidence on individuals’ physical realities.

Personal Opinion

I believe that human beings perceive people and objectives as either real or fictitious depending on how they interpret their testimonies. For example, a person can see ghosts in a dream and perceive the phenomenon as factual. The process of perception and memory, however, is biased as it lacks proof. Similarly, people who believe ghosts do not exist cannot provide facts to prove their perceptions. Thus, everyone should rely on visual senses to establish a link between perceptions and realities. Consequently, people can scrutinize their perceptions before concluding they are the actual testimonies. I, therefore, believe the author’s conclusion that people should enhance their abilities to see, interpret and use perceptual illusions in their day-to-day lives. Consequently, they can create appropriate and applicable learning contexts that draw attention towards phenomenon underlying the illusions. More so, people can embrace the fact that understanding perceptual mechanism can enhance their sensory abilities.

The research, however, should be repeated as limitations of perceptions are influenced by peoples’ abilities to register process situations. For example, the elderly, adults, and children register and process realities of life differently. Repeating the research by focusing on young adults and children can prove each group is exposed to different perceptions of the environments hence, they represent the world differently. As a result, the research should be repeated and the participants should be grouped according to age and gender. Consequently, sensory systems detecting and feeling perceptions and illusions can be differentiated according to age and gender. The improved research results can affirm that, it should not be assumed that all human beings have similar perceptions as affirmed by Gregory (2009). More so, they can affirm that some perceptions considered either impossible or impractical should not be assumed as each individual has different tastes depending on the perception of the environment they are exposed to in a lifetime. Ultimately, objectivity of perceptions depending on consensual experiences among people should be based on diverse phenomenon fashions.

The implication of the study for the practice of counseling psychology, therefore, is to emphasize that people construct perceptions differently. For example, physical realities and movements of the eyes influence can result in men and women developing different perceptual systems. As a result, peoples’ abilities to digest information and execute sensory abilities are bound to differ. Consequently, adults and children or men and women should not be expected to develop and showcase similar perceptual systems and illusions respectively. Understanding that general perceptual systems do not exist, therefore, is vital as counselors and psychologists can ensure people interpret their illusions, feelings, and overall beliefs differently.

In conclusion, people should make clear of different situations without necessarily feeling incompetent in understanding their surroundings and sensory abilities. More so, they should make clear senses of different situations for perceptual systems to determine how to intensify, enhance, or amplify representing perceptions.


Carbon, C. (2014). Understanding Human Perception by Human-Made Illusions. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience.

Gregory R. L. (2009). Seeing Through Illusions. Oxford, Oxford University Press.