Sample Political Science Paper on The Reorganization of the Homeland Security Department

The Reorganization of the Homeland Security Department

            The continual rise of terror attacks and terrorism around the world has become a major global problem in the current world. Nations are faced with the threat of terror every other day a situation that has mandated the development of better strategies to deal with global terror as a whole. The United States, for instance, has been a target of terrorism from varied terror groups because of its position in the world. The thought that crippling the United States of America will give room for terrorist groups to carry on their activities without much hindrance has placed the nation at the top of the terrorist groups list. However, the United States government in the efforts to keep the American people safe coined the homeland security department that helps to assess situations and offer recovery mechanism in the event of an attack (The National Commission, 2001: 314). The department of homeland security is an amalgam of various agencies that contribute to the war against terror in the United States. The government has continually revised the agencies involved in homeland security work to ensure that the strategies of the department are effectively achieved. In fact, the 2011 reorganization of the department marks the greatest government reorganization since the cold war.

            After the 9/11 attack, organizations, and committees came up to analyze the effectiveness and the functionality of the department of homeland security (DHS). The committees suggested a reorganization of the DHS to meet the current threats of terror in the nation. In response, the government came up with an ideal reorganization of the department, which allows different agencies to work together for the greater good of the nation (Carafano & Heyman, 2004: 5). For instance, the immigration and naturalization department was absorbed by the DHS to ensure the security of people entering and leaving the nation. Additionally, the DHS reorganized the already existing departments to ensure that all the duties and responsibilities were effectively taken care of for a secure nation. The intelligence gathering units of the NIS and the customs departments were joined together to form the DHS intelligence unit. The reorganization allows the DHS to effectively prevent and reduce the United States vulnerability to terror. Consequently, the reorganization has enabled the department to plan effective come back strategies in case of an attack because terrorism is a menace that cannot be put eradicated.

The 9/11 attack was a clear indication that the government needed to put more efforts and grand more power to the DHS and the related agencies to effectively plan and manage terrorism. The nature of terrorism is continually changing thus making it hard for the counterterrorism groups to effectively deal with the problem (The National Commission, 2001: 15). Therefore, an effective strategy must be innovative, flexible, and engaging. To meet the new demand, the government changed chain of authority in the DHS to allow the cabinet secretary in charge of homeland security the ability to operate effectively. The nature of terrorism has shifted from the traditional hierarchical structure to a network kind of organization. A network organization is highly adaptable to any environment, highly resilient and resistant to disruption. As such, the DHS embraced a similar mechanism by creating a network kind of counterterrorism mechanisms (Clutterbuck, 2012: 121). The department of defense has also been incorporated partially in the fight against terrorism. Terror is interlinked with crime and fighting criminal activities helps to curb the dangers of terror and to prepare the DHS for possible attacks. The reorganization of the government especially on the DHS front has been quite effective so far.

References

Clutterbuck, L. (2012). Law enforcement. In Wheelman, N. (Eds). The dynamiters: Irish nationalism and political violence in the wider world, 1867-1900. Cambridge: Cambridge University press (117-127).

Carafano, J. & Heyman, D. (2004). DHS 2.0: rethinking the department of homeland security. The heritage foundation. pp 1-35.  

The national commission of terrorist attacks. (2001). The 9/11 commission report. pp 1-585.