Sample Political Science Paper on Causes and Effects of Terrorism

Causes and Effects of Terrorism

Terrorism is a terminology that has been trending on news more often from all over the world. It is now perceived to be an international problem whose solution is far to be found. The international community has since combined efforts in order to eliminate the assailants and thus restore the tranquility that came along with absence of such crimes. In light of this situation, this essay briefly looks into some causes and the adverse effects of terrorism.

There are many factors that have contributed to the growth of this challenging affair. To start with, social and political prejudices; Research has shown that some people join terror groups or undertake terror activities to fight social or political injustices, in the aim of recouping what they perceive to have been stripped off from them (Crenshaw, 2011). This could be entitlements or possessions such as land.

Secondly, social economic factors such as poverty and illiteracy have greatly enhanced terrorism (Franks, 2006). Research has shown that people under such circumstances are prone to radicalization through monitory incentives rewarded.

Additionally, religious beliefs have greatly been reported to have had a hand in enhancing terror acts (Franks, 2006). It is however important to point out that religions themselves do not carry out terrorism, but divisions within a religion are known to have caused terror attacks through punishing those perceived to have ungodly acts.

After terror acts have been carried out, adverse effects take place. To begin with, there is loss of lives (Crenshaw, 2011). Assailants use harmful methods to carry out these acts such as throwing explosions and use of live firearms thus, killing and leaving many injured. Many families and relatives of the casualties are affected making the impact of the attacks to be felt significantly.

Consequently, insecurity rise within a nation, a city or a state that has suffered from terror acts. People do not feel safe as terrorism is rampant, and they live in fear of encountering future attacks.

In addition, there are negative economic effects that cheap in due to terror attacks. Mass destruction of property take place depriving income to the investors (Crenshaw, 2011). Also, foreign investors shy away to grow local businesses due to the insecurity brought about by these activities. This effect is felt up to the national level.

In conclusion, there are numerous factors that contribute to terrorism. This list cannot be exhausted since new causes arise on a daily basis. Effects of terrorism are also voluminous and this paper mentioned just a few of them. However, terrorism remains to be an international catastrophe, and the international community need to continue working together proactively to suppress the assailants and liberate the world from these acts.


Crenshaw, M. (2011). Explaining terrorism: Causes, processes, and consequences (1st ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Routledge.

Franks, J. (2006). Rethinking the roots of terrorism. Basingstoke, England: Springer.