Aristotle and Locke on Communitaria Society
The core assumption of a Communitaria society is social formulations of available resources. According to McGuigan, a Communitaria society is a multicultural society where reverent co-existence between ethnic groups and religious factions is attentively cultivated and protected (55). Such society values equality and its people have strong attachment to their way of life, but acknowledge the existence of others in society. Defenders of communitarian society believe that tradition play a key role in framing a good life for the community. Some of the philosophy theorists who do not support a Communitarian society are Aristotle and Locke.
Aristotle is popularly known for his theory of natural rights, which indicate that individuals have rights over society. While opposing communitarian society, Aristotle affirmed that states exist as instruments for individuals to achieve their own private good, hence, they do not have a mandate of assisting other citizens to attain their benefits (Inamura 45). The state is usually concerned about individual members’ lives rather than the entire community’s needs. In addition, Aristotle declared that rights prohibit individuals from sacrificing their interests to the society. Thus, communitarian society’s commitment to public affairs conflicts the state’s responsibility to provide for its citizens.
John Locke was political theorist and a renowned liberalist, whose work focused on enlightenment and consciousness. Locke’s assertion that men are reasonably free and equal is a justification that political government acts from the social contract that permit people to let the government take some of their rights for stability, liberty, and enjoyment in the community (Van der Vossen 713). As a liberalist, Locke claimed that what community considers right or wrong may not be correct, as individuals should be left to decide the rightness or wrongness of things. For instance, a communitarian society may not let its members to marry outside its territory while the modern society perceives intermarriage as form of enlightenment.
Inamura, Kazutaka. Justice and Reciprocity in Aristotle’s Political Philosophy. , 2015. Print.
McGuigan, Jim. Modernity and Postmodern Culture. Maidenhead: Open University Press, 2006. Internet resource.
Van der Vossen, Bas. “Locke on Territorial Rights.” Political Studies 63.3 (2015): 713-728.Academic Search Premier. Web. 27 Nov. 2015.