Philosophy is regarded to be the study of the nature of fundamental knowledge, its existence and the way it develops. One of its basic characteristics depicted in the myth is that it helps us understand things the way they are. This is demonstrated by the fact that the myth claims that it is only the philosophers that can help us perceive things the way they are in real life as opposed to perceiving them as shadows on the wall of the cave as most of us do (Carel and Gamez 299). The other characteristic is that philosophy uses arguments and reasoning to establish its points. As depicted in the myth, Plato argues out his point by reasoning things out. Other characteristic depicted in the myth is that philosophy as a subject digs deeper beyond the obvious things.
As for the explanation of the origin of philosophy, I would say that philosophy developed as the need for search of human wisdom intensified in Greece and as other disciplines such as sophistry, theology and science developed. The simple reason for its development was the need to differentiate it from the other disciplines and enhance knowledge. In spite of this fact, some people claim that philosophy did not originate in Greece, but in line with argument it would be important to note that Greek philosophers were the ones that differentiated philosophy from other subjects. For this reason, the origins of philosophy are in Greece and not in other regions.
Finally, given that sophistry is based on one’s capacity to play around with words and master language while philosophy is based on factual knowledge aspects, the two subjects are different from each other. More specifically, the two subjects are different from each other because sophistry engages in argument for the sake of arguments while philosophy engages in arguments when there is the need to understand human wisdom (Crome 1).
Carel, Havi and Gamez, David. What Philosophy Is. New York: Continuum, 2004. Print.
Crome, Keith. Socrates and sophistry. Richmond Journal of Philosophy, 9. 2005. Print.