Sample Philosophy Essay Paper on Argument Analysis

Argument Analysis

The claim of this argument is that physician-assisted death of patients is acceptable and various reasons or evidence is given in support of this argument. It is stated that the Hippocratic Oath that guides the work of physicians gives reference to doing no harm to patients. Thus, one of the reasons given for the argument is that ‘harm’ to patients is when their life, which they see as a painful burden is prolonged, and this means that physician-assisted death is acceptable. Another evidence is that the aspect of ‘doing no harm’ to patients means that they should be helped to die, and this means that physician-assisted death is acceptable.

According to the Toulmin Model, an argument must state the claim (Components, 1991), and thus, one of the major strengths of this argument is that a claim is clearly stated, and it is further supported by evidence or reasons. As mentioned earlier, the claim of the argument is that physician-assisted death is acceptable.

As highlighted by Toulmin in his model, apart from stating the claim and giving evidence or reasons in support of the claim, a good argument should also include a warrant, which is the provision that connects the reasons given to the claim. It should also include a backing that justifies the warrant; a rebuttal, also known as a reservation; and a qualification (Components, 1991). Therefore, major weakness of the argument is that it lacks a warrant, a backing, a rebuttal, and a qualification.

Arguably, this is not a good argument. Although the claim is clearly stated and is supported by concrete reasoning or evidence, other elements that make up a good argument such as a warrant, a backing, a rebuttal, and a qualification are not included.

References

Components, B. S. (1991). The Toulmin Model of Argumentation. Retrieved online from http://www.navigatingaccounting.com/sites/default/files/Posted/Common/Resources_web_book/Toulmin_Model_of_Argumentation.pdf