Sample Paper on Muslim Culture

Muslim Culture

The Islamic religion has strong beliefs in the health and wellness of human beings. This encompasses all the aspects of health, such as the physical, emotional, psychological, and mental. This is why the religion generally promotes the prevention rather than cure of diseases. This is done through seven main methods namely, the practice of spiritual activities, moderate and healthy eating, physical labor, discouraging greediness and selfishness, among others. The religion is specifically concerned with the health of the human heart, both in the physical and metal sense. In this regard, it offers some practices that ensure that the people who strictly adhere to this religion are able to live a health and long life. This paper analyses the various solutions that the Islamic religion offers towards the prevention and cure of cardiovascular diseases.

Cardiovascular diseases are those diseases that affect the heart and all other organs that are associated with the heart. Islam, through its teachings and practices, has put a lot of emphasis on taking care of the heart. The Holy Qur’an states that the heart is the only single part of the body that must be well taken care of, for when it is well, the rest of the body of the human being is well. However, when it is ill, the human being is unwell and does not feel complete.

Prayer has been listed as the first and most important method through which heart diseases can be prevented. Heart diseases in Islam refer to those in the mental as well as physical state. Mentally, prayer helps to purify the thoughts and the heart of people, hence reducing their chances of committing sin and absolving them from those that they have already committed. In the physical sense, prayer in the Islamic religion has been strategically timed with certain aspects of the human body, thus enabling the body to function in the correct manner. For instance, the Islamic religion has five prayers that are spread throughout the day. The body generally has fats that can be classified into two main categories; saturated and poly-unsaturated fats. Saturated fats are generally responsible for increasing the level of cholesterol in the body, whereas the role of the unsaturated fats is to reduce the level of cholesterol.

An increase in the level of cholesterol may lead to heart attacks because it causes blockage of the coronary arteries. Normally, the level of cholesterol in the body is at about 150 to 250 grams. When we take food, the level of cholesterol automatically shoots up depending on the type of food that has been consumed. Therefore, the best way of solving this issue is to ensure that the cholesterol is dissolved before it reaches and settles in the arterial wall. The Islamic religion, as already stated before, has five prayer sessions in a day. Three of these prayers, known as Fajr (performed in the morning), Asr (performed in the afternoon), and Magrib (performed in the evening), often take place during the times when the stomach of a typical human being is empty.  Therefore, there is not much fat to burn or cholesterol to be dissolved at this time. As such, these prayers contain less physical exercises. Isha, which is performed at night take place after dinner when the stomach of the person is full. As such, this prayer often comprises seventeen Raktaars, therefore, assisting in the reduction of cholesterol levels. The Nawafil is not a mandatory prayer, but it also contains a lot of exercise for the above mentioned purpose.

Wet cupping, also known as Al-Hejama among Islam faithful, is a procedure that has been credited for the cure of several diseases, such as rheumatic disease, cellulitis, hypertension, among others. The method of treatment is very popular in the Middle East and in other countries where the population of Muslims is high. This is because it is a treatment method that was mostly adopted by Muslims when it was first introduced.  El Sayed et al, (2013) carried out a research about the scientific effects of this procedure in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases. Cupping therapy is generally a cheap and effective method of treatment. It involves the application of negative pressure to the patient’s skin with the use of sucking cups. There are several types of cupping, such as wet cupping, dry cupping, moving cupping therapy, and medicinal cupping therapy. In the wet cupping procedure, the exertion of negative pressure on the skin allows for opening up of the skin pores for the extraction of bloody fluids that contain soluble wastes as well as other pathological substances that cause diseases.

A research was carried out by Refaat (2014) to investigate the effects of this type of treatment on curing cardiovascular diseases. It was found that this method is effective in management of blood pressure. This is possible because of moderating the serum sodium as well as potassium. It also decreases Low Density Lipoprotein and increases High Density Lipoprotein, thus protecting the body against Cardiovascular diseases. This method is therefore beneficial in nursing care because it reduces the number of people that will seek medical attention due to contracting cardiovascular diseases. Due to the belief and adoption of wet cupping, there are very few Muslim faithful that ever suffer from cardiovascular diseases, especially the ones that are prevented and treated by wet cupping.

Although most of the practices that are adopted by women are geared towards making sure that the Muslims are healthy both in body and spirit, some of them may pose problems to their health. For instance, fasting is a practice that has been in existence among the Islamic faithful for a long time. This process is said to not have any significant health dangers to those who are healthy at the time they practice it. However, the challenge comes when one has certain medical conditions that do not allow them to fast. Even the religion recognizes this factor and hence there are certain people who are allowed to fast for certain reasons, such as menstruation, pregnancy, illness, breastfeeding, among others. However, the challenge comes when the people in this category insist on obeying the fasting period despite their condition, hence worsening the situation for themselves. This therefore poses a lot of problems for healthcare providers, such as nurses. This is because they are tasked with the hard part of having to convince these believers that their practices are not good for their health and that they should wait until they are better medically for them to take part in them.

However, the current health care providers have found methods through which they can make the fasting period more bearable for the Muslims. One of the methods is teaching the Muslims how to incorporate exercises during their fasting period. This is because at the end of the fasting days, they often have feasts that are made of a lot of fatty foods that may increases the amount of cholesterol in the body, hence be the cause of heart diseases (Temizhan et. al 1999). As such, they are being advised to ensure that the foods that they consume at the end of the day are healthy and do not contain a lot of fat that is dangerous to their bodies. They have also been advised to practice better cooking methods, especially those that do not require a lot of fats, such as boiling or steaming their foods instead of frying with oils. The health care providers have also incorporated methods through which they are able to handle the health issues of their patients on an individual basis. In this way, they will be able to know the best treatment methods that may be prescribed for each of these patients, without necessarily having to ask them to give up their cultural or religious beliefs and practices. The people are also being advised about the importance of observing potion control during meal times, especially during major events where there is plenty of food.

Nursing practices should be able to incorporate all types of people despite their cultural or religious beliefs and practices. My current practice is good at keeping in mind most of the cultures that are observed in this area. This is because it mostly focuses on modern medicine methods of treatment. Modern methods of treatment are embraced by most cultures in the world.

References

El Sayed, S. M., Mahmoud, H. S., Nabo, M. M. H. (2013) Medical and Scientific Bases of Wet Cupping Therapy (Al-hijamah): in Light of Modern Medicine and Prophetic Medicine. Altern Integ Med 2: 122. doi:10.4172/2327-5162.1000122

Refaat, B., El-Shemi, A.G., Ebid, A.A.,  Ashshi, A., & BaSalamah, M. A. (2014) Islamic Wet Cupping and Risk Factors of Cardiovascular Diseases: Effects on Blood Pressure, Metabolic Profile and Serum Electrolytes in Healthy Young Adult Men. Altern Integ Med 3: 151. doi:10.4172/2327- 5162.1000151

Temizhan, A., Dönderici, Ö., Ouz, D., & Demirbas, B. (1999). Is there any effect of Ramadan fasting on acute coronary heart disease events? International journal of cardiology, 70(2), 149-153.