Sample Paper on Effects of NIMBY and LULU in Development Projects

Effects of NIMBY and LULU in Development Projects

Introduction

Outline of the Article

Schively evaluates on the past literature and research findings regarding ‘not in my backyard’ (NIMBY) and ‘locally unwanted land uses’ (LULU). The article provides a summary of the findings highlighting on the key and contentious areas of NIMBY and LULU. The aim of the research is enhancing effective engagement of NIMBY and LULU opponents in planning activities (Schively, 2007, 256). The article provides case studies of complex issues related to NIMBY and LULU and possible solutions proposed by researchers in solving contentious issues. In this context, it will be possible to influence positive perception regarding NIMBY and LULU, which will enhance social and economic developments in the society.

Summary of the Findings

Schively (2007, 256) highlighted how development projects are affected by NIMBY and LULU. There are accusations that proponents of LULU are selfish and mind personal interest gains from development projects (Schively, 2007, 257). This was cited as one of the key factors hindering implementation of development projects in different areas. On the other hand, the proponents of NIMBY have no interest in the development projects (Schively, 2007, 257). In this case, the NIMBY ignores what is happening in the neighborhood as long as it does not affect their livelihoods. The two sides cause development gaps whereby some areas develop faster in comparison to other areas. Schively (2007, 263) also highlighted on the methods used in overcoming resistance from LULU proponents in development projects. These include financial compensations, consensus with the affected communities, institutional changes, and empowering the affected communities (Schively, 2007, 260). The findings of the research study can help planners in making sound decisions when developing and implementing plans within the communities.

Learning Outcome

The research study reveals the factors that have been affecting development projects. These findings are common in different parts of the world since many projects have stalled due to politics of NIMBY and LULU proponents and opponents (Schively, 2007, 257). It is important for planners of development projects to consider these findings and develop a strategy to ensure the projects do not stall due to influences of NIMBY and LULU politics. Where the project strategy considers these factors, the project is likely to succeed since there will be no opposition during implementation.

Relevance of the Article to Current Social Issue

The construction of nuclear power plants has caused uproar in many countriesbecause of the impacts of the plants to the surrounding communities. Apart from local support and opposition, nuclear power plants attract international community to participate in the debate (Sovacool& Valentine, 2012, 91). The proponents of nuclear power plants, which in most cases are governments, state that the plants will produce more electrical power. The electrical power is necessary for industrial development through reduction of the cost of electricity costs (Sovacool& Valentine, 2012, 63). Conversely, the opponents of nuclear power plants state that the construction of power plants will cause negative impacts to the environment such as pollution of environment (Sovacool& Valentine, 2012, 134). The surrounding communities may also be affected through displacement or relocation to other areas and effects of releasing harmful gases. The developing countries such as Iranand China experienced these challenges when trying to construct nuclear power plants. Some of the projects such as Iran nuclear power project stalled due to political influences both locally and internationally (Sovacool& Valentine, 2012, 187). When implementing contentious projects such as nuclear power plants, it is important for the stakeholders of the projects should consider the issues highlighted in this research study. In relation to this research study, the proponents are the NIMBY and the opponents are the LULU. This will help in smooth implementation and adoption of the project by both NIMBY and LULU proponents and opponents.

Relevance to Modern Urban Planning

The findings of the research study are relevant to modern urban planning. This is because many development projects in urban areas have stalled due to politics of NIMBY and LULU (Schively, 2007, 257). The NIMBY proponents are not concerned with the development projects within their residential areas. Conversely, the LULU proponents oppose development projects when they anticipate that the project may not yield personal benefits. These proposition and opposition politics hinder the implementation and adoption of development projects in urban areas. Therefore, there is a need for the project stakeholders such as city or county councils to consider the findings of this research study before planning and implementing various projects. Schively (2007, 260) highlighted some of the solutions used in overcoming oppositions to projects and stakeholders may use the proposed solutions to encourage adoption of the projects.

Opinion and Conclusion

The issues raised in the research study are relevant in modern urban planning. These are inevitable issues when developing and implementing projects in different parts of the world. The project stakeholders should engage with the opponents and proponents of the project during project development cycle to increase project adoption rate. This will help in ensuring the project beneficiaries adopt the project and assist in project implementation process. In a situation where the project may have negative impacts to the public such as pollution, the project stakeholders should follow the outlined legal procedures and compensate the affected communities. The revelations by Schively (2007, 263) regarding NIMBY and LULU are crucial in socioeconomic development of urban areas. The ignorance of the issues raised in the research study may cause projects to stall which result in development gaps.

 

 

References

Schively, C. 2007. Understanding the NIMBY and LULU Phenomena: Reassessing Our Knowledge Base and Informing Future Research, Journal of Planning Literature. 21, pp  255-266.

Sovacool, B. K.& Valentine, S. V. 2012. The National Politics of Nuclear Power: Economics,      Security, and Governance.London: Routledge.