Comprehensive Strategy for National Health Plan
The comprehensive strategy for a national health plan should include other factors in order to improve the health conditions of a certain population. It might also need the reallocation of resources form direct health services. Based on the social determinants of health, the factors of good health include enhancing educational success, lowering insecurity, and unemployment level. Societies play a key role in creating a social, economic, and cultural environment for quality healthcare. Thus, the policy designs and implementation should control all social aspects in the environment to improve health in the country (Reading & Wien, 2009). The comprehensive national health strategy should evaluate the general policies that improve health among the people. This includes the increase on educational levels, good nutrition and provisions of parent-child relations. Thus, the factors affect early child development due to their responses that offers adequate information on health and development.
According to the WHO report (2008), there are certain physical and psychological features that affect the essential equity of health in the society. The national health plan should consider a relevant matter in urban governance and planning. The government should invest in creating proper housing with proper sanitation and availability of water. It also ensures that people have access to healthy food and good environmental designs. Based on aspects of equity health, the health sector should understand the fair employment regulation in order to protect employees from any hazards (Wilkinson & Marmot, 2003). The conditions of the workplace are critical in establishing health equity. Thus, the strategy should ensure that all works are offered with quality working conditions. National health should focus on building and strengthening the health workforce. It follows the capabilities on social determinants of heath (Marmot, 2005). Social determinants of health addresses any investments and agreements signed in a heath-worker balancing strategy
Educational factors influence national health in many ways. Education determines health factors evaluating knowledge on health, sources of employment and other social and psychological factors. It should evaluate educational attainments and who they affects health in the society. However, poverty is a detriment to a positive impact on health among the social groups. Poverty emerges from unemployed people. Minority groups and disabled people lacks enough earning to secure a decent living. Poverty creates social seclusion in the society, in which poor people are stigmatized and discriminated. The experiences lead to health problems in the population due to its risk of diseases (Marmot et al, 2008). Following the social structures of national health strategy such as employment wages, access to health and housing, the federal government should address health inequities among individual persons. This creates a collective approach towards reducing health inequalities by addresses the social and structural factors. Since, the inequitable distribution of social factors affects the consistent provision of health care services to the population.
The national health care statistics provides relevant data and information on infant mortality per 1000 live births in a given year. It illustrates the quality of health care of the economy based on the maternal mortality ratios. It measures the burden of life expectancy in measuring good health. In reality, government involves relevant steps towards relevant programs in health equity. The increased community engagement and social participation are relevant in rallying appropriate health plans (Wilkinson, & Marmot, 2003). Generally, the comprehensive national health plan should include other social and structural conditions for good public policy. Thus, health and health equity establishes effective health management in national health.
Marmot, M. (2005). Social Determinants of Health Inequalities. The Lancet, 365(9464), 1099-1104.
Marmot, M., Friel, S., Bell, R., Houweling, T. A., & Taylor, S. (2008). Closing the gap in a generation: health equity through action on the social determinants of health. The Lancet, 372(9650), 1661-1669.
Reading, C. L., & Wien, F. (2009). Health inequalities and the social determinants of Aboriginal peoples’ health. Victoria, British Columbia, Canada: National Collaborating Centre for Aboriginal Health.
Wilkinson, R. G., & Marmot, M. G. (2003). Social determinants of health: the solid facts. New York: World Health Organization.
World Health Organization (2008). Closing the gap in a generation. Commission on social determinants of Health FINAL REPORT.