Sample Nutrition Case Studies Paper on Weight Management Case Study

Weight Management Case Study

It is unfortunate that Ian attributes his performance difficulties such as balance and strength moves on the rings and parallel bars to his weight gain. His decision to go on a diet with the intention of losing weight to improve his performance may be ill-advised. In this scenario, it is important to perform specific assessments to determine whether he needs to lose weight or not. One of the assessments that would help to determine this perspective is a body composition assessment (DEXA) that would give key information on Ian’s bone density, fat-free mass, as well as the fat mass. The BOD POD could also be used in place of DEXA to assess Ian’s body composition and whether he needs to lose weight or not. Nutrition experts argue that the BOD POD is more preferable than DEXA as it detects any slight changes in a person’s body fat and lean body mass including bones, muscle, and organs (Vescovi et al., 2001). Other than helping to determine whether Ian needs to lose weight, the BOD POD assessment can measure how successful Ian’s exercise programs are in preparation for his upcoming competitions (Vescovi et al., 2001). Another assessment would be having a close look at his training to pinpoint sharp increase in his training intensity and volume and whether he rests enough as required. The close observation would also help to pinpoint other complications such as stress levels and lack of sufficient fuel causing his performance difficulties.

In the case it is determined that Ian’s weight gain is responsible for his performance difficulties, having an appropriate diet and a good exercise plan would help him to achieve his weight loss objective. His weakness on the bars can be attributed to his low protein intake. I would recommend him to have a relatively higher protein intake (around 1.6g/kg) to enhance his performance in the sport. Ian has resorted to a weight loss program meaning that higher protein intakes would reduce muscle loss throughout the weight loss program. To address his weight gain concerns, I would advise him to avoid foods with high sugar levels and take more fiber that would help in the achievement of required body fat levels (Cotugna, Vickery, & McBee, 2005). Being a gymnast, Ian should aim at eating carbs no less than around 1.4-1.8 grams per lb daily. When it comes to a good exercise plan, I would recommend safe and appropriate aerobic exercises that would enable him to shed off some weight and body fat. The aerobic exercises should be done alongside appropriate cardio exercises to successfully lose weight that appears to hinder his performance in the sport.

Gymnastics involves speed, coordination, and power, and slight interference with one of these can cause performance difficulties. Ian is a young and high-level gymnast as he is likely to make the next Olympic team. Like many other high-level gymnasts, he may be consuming less than the recommended amount of energy and this might be causing his weakness on the bars. Therefore, Ian should consume the required energy and nutrient levels to meet demands such as growth, tissue maintenance, and training. To prevent adverse health effects, Ian must focus on addressing possible eating disorders and low energy availability (Cotugna, Vickery, & McBee, 2005). Also, to enhance his sport performance, Ian should embrace acceptable nutrition practices giving priority to the consumption of enough protein that is a prerequisite for his sport.


Cotugna, N., Vickery, C. E., & McBee, S. (2005). Sports nutrition for young athletes. The Journal of School Nursing21(6), 323-328. Retrieved from

Vescovi, J. D., Zimmerman, S. L., Miller, W. C., Hildebrandt, L., Hammer, R. L., & Fernhall, B. (2001). Evaluation of the BOD POD for estimating percentage body fat in a heterogeneous group of adult humans. European journal of applied physiology85(3), 326-332. Retrieved from