Sample Nursing Research Paper on Evolution of Nursing as a Discipline

Evolution of Nursing as a Discipline

Traditional nursing entailed the use of cultural knowledge to treat medical conditions. This era of nursing based its medical practice on medicine men who were considered important in a community. However, nursing has evolved to modern practice which uses contemporary procedures of providing healthcare services to people. The evolution of nursing as a profession has been attributed to growth in other sectors of most economies such as technology and innovation through medical research. Nursing is a profession that has evolved from traditional practice – which is guided by cultural beliefs – to a modern discipline founded on medical research.

The nursing practice has changed over time aided by new technology and medical research. Traditional healthcare institutions lacked procedures that reduced pain during a medical process during the 17th to 19th centuries. People would use herbs and plants to acquire chemical ingredients used for treating different conditions (Rodrigo, Caïs & Monforte‐Royo, 2017). For instance, some communities used dried tree leaves, boiled them for hours and its product consumed as medicine for treating stomachache. Similarly, traditional approaches of numbing a body part so as to undertake a surgical incision were ineffective in reducing pain. However, modern medical processes have improved the discipline of nursing since they are effective and affordable to most people.

The growth of technology and developments in medical research have improved nursing in different ways. Modern healthcare institutions use technology equipment to undertake sensitive medical evaluation processes such as cancer. Traditionally, a medical examination of the internal body parts of a patient would require an actual surgery for the process to be successful. Patients who got used to surgeries would not survive for long due to surgical mistakes (Rodrigo, Caïs & Monforte‐Royo, 2017). This would affect the nursing profession as most nurses would be forced to undertake advanced care on patients waiting for an anticipated surgery. In the late 20th and early 21st centuries, medical equipment is used to examine internal body parts of patients waiting for surgery. This has been aided by medical research, which establishes best practice, recommendable to higher learning institutions within the discipline of nursing.

There are imminent differences between competencies in an Associate Degree of Nursing (ADN) and a Baccalaureate of Science in Nursing (BSN). ADN is described as a nursing profession in which students are equipped with nursing skills required for technical work in healthcare institutions (Hawkins, Chard & Seibert, 2018).  ADN defines its discipline by providing nursing students with practical experience of undertaking nursing practices. For instance, students undertaking ADN courses would be taught principles of adhering to time-keeping when providing medication to a patient. ADN nurses are expected to adhere to stipulated policies that govern their profession in a healthcare institution.

BSN, on the other hand, is a nursing course that elevates expectations of the profession by including more roles and responsibilities. For instance, most BSN nurses participate in medical research aimed at improving the treatment process on a patient. Similarly, BSN nurses are assigned additional roles and responsibility in the management of a healthcare institution (Rodrigo, Caïs & Monforte‐Royo, 2017). For instance, these nurses are expected to undertake recording keeping and information analysis roles required by doctors. BSN is a stronger course than ADN in terms of the scope and learning period. BSN takes a longer period for a student to be certified as a nurse than an ADN student. Most healthcare institutions prefer applicants with BSN certificates to those with ADN certification.

Supposing a cancer patient requires timely medication contrary to which their health status would deteriorate leading to death. There are different aspects of medical care that such a patient requires. Firstly, the patient requires timely medication without failure. Consequently, the nurse assigned the patient would have to ensure that medication is taken in time and within the quantity prescribed by the doctor. The same patient would require a plan or schedule in that medicine is expected to be readily available to save the patient’s life (Hawkins, Chard & Seibert, 2018). The nurse assigned to that patient would have to plan for financial sources of funding medication for the patient. An ADN-prepared nurse would ensure that the patient takes their medication on time. However, their discipline would limit them from finding financial sources of funding medication for the patient. A BSN-prepared nurse has the required knowledge to ensure a successful treatment for a patient who cannot afford medication. For instance, a BSN nurse would enroll the patient on government-sponsored medical schemes that support a patient who cannot afford expensive healthcare.

Evidence-Based Practice (EBP) uses proven medical research on the treatment of a patient. EBP produces medical reports from research that recommend improved practice in terms of healthcare delivery. EBP is important in the nursing profession as a patient have hopes of healing from a given medical condition. A proven medical case in which a disease is cured would promote positivity among patients suffering from a similar illness (Ulrich, et al. 2017). For instance, parents ensure that their children take vaccination medicine such as polio to avoid medical complications later in life; as proven among people who never took the vaccine in their early childhood. Academic preparation of RN-BSN supports the application of EBP for different reasons. For instance, EBP reports improve treatment processes of illness by providing practical evidence to nurses. RN-BSN notes that the spread of EBP knowledge would improve patient outcome in a treatment process. EBP suggests an immediate and long-term medical reaction to a known illness as a means of protecting life for a patient.

Interdisciplinary efforts are important in delivering nursing care among patients. These efforts ensure that a patient receives care from all medical practitioners in a well-coordinated structure. Coordination ensures that all medical practitioners achieve positive medical outcomes in a patient. Modern practices have improved interdisciplinary coordination in distinct ways. For instance, people use teleconferencing technology during the information gathering phase of planning for surgery (McMillan, et al. 2017). Doctors communicate with internal specialists who have worked on a given medical condition in a patient. Social media platforms have also facilitated communication during medical research. Social media enables team members to engage in informal communication that delivers the objectives of medical research. Audio communication is also improving interdisciplinary communication during sensitive surgical processes. Similarly, development in audio technology has improved medical care among nurses who respond to injuries in popular sports such as football and rugby.

The evolution of nursing is attributed to success in the development of other sectors in the economy. Technology, for instance, has improved healthcare by enhancing medical diagnosis in most hospitals. Medical equipment has facilitated improved healthcare services in medical diagnosis. Modern cancer patients can access chemotherapy services from local hospitals. Similarly, medical research has enhanced the nursing practice as researchers continuously suggest new and improved ways of addressing an illness. Accessibility of healthcare services has improved from enhanced nursing care provided to patients. Modern times allow both inpatients and outpatients to access nursing care as a benefit of developed medical care.

References

Hawkins, J. E., Chard, R., & Seibert, D. (2018). The Experiences of Nurse Educators in         Developing and Implementing Concurrent Enrollment Associate Degree in Nursing–         Bachelor of Science in Nursing Programs. Teaching and Learning in Nursing13(2), 78-     83.

McMillan, L., Burns, E., Willis, L., & Grabowsky, A. (2017). Facilitating interdisciplinary          competence: Collaboration between undergraduate baccalaureate nursing students and    graduate students specializing in communication disorders. International Journal of     Teaching and Learning in Higher Education.

Rodrigo, O., Caïs, J., & Monforte‐Royo, C. (2017). The influence of Anglo‐American theoretical       models on the evolution of the nursing discipline in Spain. Nursing inquiry24(3),             e12175.

Ulrich, C. M., Grady, C., Hamric, A. B., & Berlinger, N. (2017). Response to “Nurses at the   Table: Nursing, Ethics, and Health Policy”. Nursing outlook65(2), 142.