Sample Nursing Project Paper on Elderly Mortality Due to Diabetes Mellitus

Elderly Mortality Due to Diabetes Mellitus

Introduction

Diabetes mellitus is a disease mostly affecting the elderly in the society. The disease mostly known as the sugar disease, causes the body of the patient to lose the ability to absorb all the sugars. High elderly mortality rates have been witnessed all over the world, which therefore calls for attention to find solutions for this problem. The elderly form a very important part of the society, they can champion change for future generations because of the experiences that they have garnered so far. Due to this, we have come up with different solutions that could aid in rectifying this problem. Such solutions would include; providing care for the elderly for example nursing home, encouraging regular check-ups for the elderly to check for diabetes , discouraging abandoning of the old in the society, launching a diabetes campaign to create awareness on the reduction of diabetes mellitus, and providing special care for HIV positive diabetic patients especially for the elderly. However, provision of such measures does not offer certainty of complete curbing of the problem. Instead, we should put in place methods of evaluating the laid down strategies to ascertain their effectiveness (Chandalia, Das, 2012). Below are some of the methods that can be used in evaluation of the effectiveness of solutions to high elderly mortality rates.

Survey of Prevalence after Initiating Change

In this method, we aim to put into consideration to the prevalence of elderly mortality rates before and after engaging the solutions. At this point, the prevalence should be lower than it was before.

Obtain Statistics on elderly nursing care Offered for the elderly

This is important in that it provides a clear outline on whether the proposed solutions are being put into consideration or not. There is no solution that can be effective enough if it is not well implemented; therefore this method of evaluation is primarily aimed at ensuring that there is implementation of the proposed solutions.

Consider the Number and Types of Cases Brought to Attention

This method of evaluation is also as important because it shows how individuals partake to the call or heed to the objectives of the program. For example, as part of the solutions the program offers to create awareness and educate the society on care of the elderly especially those suffering from diabetes. The types of cases brought to attention after the program is initiated would determine whether the program is effective or not. Cases of carelessness, drug use and complexities due to lack of care for the elderly would be an indication of failure of the projects effectiveness.

Survey Contributive Factors to High diabetes mellitus elderly Mortality Rates Before and After Solutions

It is important to identify the various contributive factors both before and after the initiation of the solutions. This would help identify and single out any or emerging factors to the problem. We are able to distinguish the initial factors that are not yet quelled even after the remedies are applied hence forging new plans and solutions for that particular problem.

Assess the Mortality Rates Before and After the Change

For certainty on effectiveness, we should assess the mortality rates before and after the changes made on the proposed solution. The rates should be lower after the implementation of the solutions compared to the initial rates before implementation of the solutions.

Variables to be assessed to Evaluate Project Outcome

Observe the public’s Perception towards the Proposed Solutions

The public receptiveness to the diabetes campaigns shows the level of commitment of the society towards minimizing the disease and caring for the patients with diabetes mellitus. It is important to put into keen consideration what the public perceives of the proposed solutions. This is mainly because such solutions are meant for them. Otherwise how would someone consent to the use of a program that they do not like? This brings about the question provision of special care for HIV positive old parents. They should be trained to accept their status and on how to bring up their children HIV free. Their perception is important because they have a tendency of feeling re-victimized (Hawthorne & SpringerLink, 2012).

Rate of Patient Turnover for the Initiated Programme

The outcome of this project is dependent on this variable mainly because in order to ascertain the outcome there is need to have subjects for measuring the degree of the program workability. With poor turnover, the subject test sample is too minimal to make conclusive decision or to evaluate the outcome of the program.

Prevalence of Mortality Rate before and after the Solutions are implemented

 These rates are to be compared with the initial rates so as to note the difference. Low elderly mortality rates would be a manifestation of success or a positive outcome while consistency to the prior rates or increase in the rates would be a depiction of failure hence conclusively, a negative outcome.

Assess the Staff Attitude in Working with the Proposed Program

Positive attitude of the staff toward working with diabetic patients would expedite campaign against the disease and decrease elderly mortality rates. The staff are the primary stakeholders in implementation of such programs, and it would prove futile for them to be overlooked. If they are having a negative attitude towards the program then it is bound to fail whereas a show for positive attitude would be an assurance for a positive outcome. Campaigns against diabetes, nursing care for the elderly and regular check-ups are tasks conducted by staff.

Conclusion

To sum up, diabetes mellitus is a disease that has resulted in mortality of many of the elderly class. To alleviate this and reduce the mortality rates, it is important to include aspects such as; creating awareness on diabetes mellitus and its control in the society, encouraging regular check-ups and screening for diseases, and providing care for HIV positive elder patients suffering from diabetes mellitus. The implementation of these solutions and analysis of their outcomes comes in handy in ensuring a diabetes free society.
References

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Chandalia, H. B., Das, A. K., & Research Society for the Study of Diabetes in India. (2012). RSSDI textbook of diabetes mellitus. New Delhi: Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers.

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Hawthorne, G., & SpringerLink (Online service). (2012). Diabetes care for the older patient: A practical handbook. London: Springer.

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