Sample Nursing Paper on Nightingale’s Theory

Nursing Theories

Nightingale’s Theory

Florence Nightingale established the environmental theory for patient care. It proposes using intuition to modify environments and make them helpful to promote health (DeNisco & Barker, 2015). As such, medical conditions occur differently with each patient. Therefore, having factual information on useful strategies can be futile in case of emergencies. Hence, practitioners must think quickly and act accordingly to save lives by employing adjustments to patient surroundings.

Nightingale’s theory addresses the environment’s components that affect nursing practice as light, warmth, noise, and ventilation. She presents that unsanitary conditions cause health degradation and death; hence nurses must ensure conducive patient care (Fain, 2020). The theorist regards persons as ill individuals that rely on nurses to get well. The environment consists of psychological, social, and physical factors that may hinder or contribute to optimal health. She perceives health as the ability to control environments to maintain well-being and render patients capable of normal functioning. The theory also submits that unsanitary conditions aggravate illnesses, hence the vitality of maintaining cleanliness and fresh air around patients.

The environmental theory applies to patients with respiratory illnesses. As such, they require sterile surroundings free of dust and germs to prevent further damage (DeNisco & Barker, 2015). Hence, nurses ensure that their rooms are kept clean and position themselves properly for better breathing.

Watson’s Theory

Jean Watson declares that caring acts characterize nursing practice. She points out that showcasing kindness and love to patients makes them feel safe, which improves reparative powers (DeNisco & Barker, 2015). The theory further suggests that affection has healing abilities. It grants the ill courage to endure, and this promotes self-actualization.

Watson’s theory claims that caring is more effective than curing, hence inviting nurses to exhibit sensitivity by paying attention to patient needs. A person’s concept dictates that all human beings deserve to feel valued and natured to influence good health (Fain, 2020). She idealizes the environment as the society at large, thus stressing the essence of sentimental behavior. According to Watson, excellent health regards the optimal functioning of mental, physical, and social processes. She also presents that nursing practices aim at preventing diseases and health restoration through endearment between patients and their nurses.

Watson’s theory of care applies to patients suffering from chronic illnesses like cancer (DeNisco & Barker, 2015). Nurses develop friendships with them by engaging in frequent conversations to help them cope and adopt positive attitudes, focusing less on the pain and more on life’s blessings.

 

 

References

DeNisco, S. M., & Barker, A. M. (2015). Advanced practice nursing. Jones & Bartlett Publishers.

Fain, J. A. (2020). Reading, understanding, and applying nursing research. F.A. Davis.