One of the main goals in nursing care is to provide quality treatment and improve the care of patients. This includes all areas that may require any form of health care like the local community. Lillian Wald is considered as one of the champions in the nursing industry (Krain, 2012). This is because she provided immense health care to the sick, needy immigrants and neighbors. For example, Ward was able to advance her health care expertise by treating a hemorrhaging mother after giving birth (VNSNY, n.d). In this light, Orem Dorothea’s self care deficit nursing theory also advocates for improving quality care in states and public hospitals. This theory is in line with Ward’s advocacy for improving women and children health conditions in New York’s Lower East Side community.
Dorothea’s self-care deficit nursing theory is based on various assumptions that include self reliance, knowledge, distinctness of individuals, self care requisites, nursing as an action and dependency care (Nursing Theories, 2012). Self reliance is concerned with the ability of people to be responsible for their own care and others like family members. Nursing is considered as an action that involves two or more individuals interacting in order to provide quality care. On the other hand, knowledge is concerned with the ability of individuals to embrace self care behaviors. For example, avoiding too much sugar and junk food are significant ways of living healthy lifestyles. Furthermore, Orem suggested that people can be helped by acting, supporting, teaching, guiding and providing environments for personal development (Nursing Theories, 2012). For example, Ward was able to support people by advocating for the establishment of Federal Children’s Bureau and Henry Street Settlement (VNSNY, n.d).
Considering this theory, some microscopic applications include sufficient water and food intake. This means that people have to eat and drink water in order to improve personal health conditions. Another application is the avoidance of drugs such as alcohol and tobacco that deteriorate individuals’ health. Conversely, macroscopic applications include treatment of injuries, fluid imbalances and respiratory conditions. These applications should be used in the above discussed methods of helping people. As such, the application of this theory would be significant in improving and providing quality care to patients.
Krain, J.B. (2012). Lillian Wald, American Jewish Success. Retrieved from http://www.jewishmag.com/51mag/wald/lillianwald.htm.
Nursing Theories (2012). Dorothea Orem’s Self-Care Theory. Retrieved from http://currentnursing.com/nursing_theory/self_care_deficit_theory.html.
VNSNY (n.d). Lillian Wald. Retrieved from http://www.vnsny.org/community/our-history/lillian-wald/.