Comprehensive Teaching Plan for Handling Low Back Pain
Low back pain is one of the common causes for many people to pay a visit to a doctor. Most people who complain of lower back pain have experienced a torn or pulled ligament. After diagnostic testing, a patient may be diagnosed with low back pain without any specific injury. Such pain may have resulted from faulty posture and inappropriate body mechanics or positions (Hoeger, W., Hoeger, S., Hoeger, C., & Fawson, 2016). Handling low back pain problem necessitates a comprehensive teaching plan, which helps in eliminating such pain. Practitioners should offer patient education material that emphasize on patient responsibility in managing and preventing back pain.
A comprehensive teaching plan is necessary to cope with back pain, as it offers a variety of treatments and education for low back pain. The plan incorporates physical therapy, as well as pain management using medicine and mental skills. Most importantly, the plan teaches patients how to care and prevent injuries on their backs. The physician should inform the patient why he/she should not be hospitalized unless the patient is unable to undertake the basic tasks at home. The capacity to perform basic tasks should be evaluated before discharge.
The patient should be educated how to prevent him/herself against low back pain. They should be advised on how to sit, stand, lift objects, and how to lie down while sleeping or resting. They should also be advised to change their responsibilities until the pain has disappeared to avoid pressuring the spinal cord. However, information concerning biomedical or traditional posture methods should be avoided as they can create negative response toward dealing with back pain.
Practitioners should emphasize on physical activities, which can help to relieve pain and regain the right posture. The patient should be encouraged to start simple and gentle exercise and gradually move to complex exercise. Care should be taken when undertaking stabilization exercises in order to attain functional stability without pressuring the spinal cord (Wise, 2015). Where available, physicians should refer a patient to a structured community-based self-management group, which can assist patients who are ready to learn about pain coping skills. Self-management programs usually focus on teaching main skills to patients, which include self-monitoring of symptoms, relaxation techniques, and communication skills.
Some of the recommendations for preventing back pain in the future include getting active and losing weight. Staying active helps individuals maintain a healthy back, as well as overall health. Regular exercises assists in preventing pain by strengthening one’s back and abdominal muscles. People should learn how to maintain average weight, as overweight people often suffer from lower back pain, owing to poor posture. The skeletal system is developed only to offer support to a healthy weight, as extra weight becomes a burden to the joints, hips, knees, and the spinal column. Excess weight results in poor posture, which consequently causes chronic back pain.
Preventive measures should extend to the workplaces, where designing of offices should fit the task, as well as the capabilities of the employees. For instance, the monitor should be at the same level with the eyes while chairs should be at the right level without inclining at the back (Al-Otaibi, 2015). Additionally, psychosocial and organizational factors should be considered in order to prevent situations that may cause back pain. Psychosocial factors include financial problems, depression, stress, and job dissatisfaction. Employees should be advised to see a counselor in case they demonstrate psychosocial factors.
Al-Otaibi, S. T. (2015). Prevention of occupational Back Pain. Journal of family & community medicine, 22(2), 73.
Hoeger, W. W. K., Hoeger, S. A., Fawson, A. L., & Hoeger, C. I. (2016). Principles and labs for fitness and wellness. Boston, MA: Cengage Learning.
Wise, C. H. (2015). Orthopaedic manual physical therapy: From art to evidence. Philadelphia, PA: F.A. Davis Company.