Nursing theories and models aim at reflecting the challenges in patient care that need to be addressed. These models and concepts incorporate ethical and logical perspectives that influence nurses’ understanding of the profession. This paper provides an analysis of two theories; Faye Abdellah’s theory on patient-centered approaches to nursing and Myra Estrin Levine’s Conservative model as applied in nursing.
Faye G. Abdellah’s theory was developed to educate nursing students on their responsibilities as healthcare practitioners. Some of the nurses’ roles include understanding the needs of the patient, sorting out the data, identification of a therapeutic plan, and developing a comprehensive plan. She introduced the concept of a nursing diagnosis at a time when the role of diagnosing patients was left for doctors. Mary Estrin Levine’s theory was based on Nightingale’s ideologies. Through her conservation model, she created an environment that promotes patients’ healing. Major concepts in her model included preservation of the patients’ energy, physical, personal, and communal integrity.
Similarities noted in the chapters included assessing the theory’s usefulness, testability, parsimony, and value of the theories in promoting nursing as a science. The conclusion included a summary of the theories and their connection to each other. They also highlighted the benefits that nurses would get after studying and utilizing the theories in the chapters and provided nurses with learning activities to advance their knowledge and ability to use the theories in their practice. All the sections provide references for the information discussed.
Differences between the chapters included the types of theories discussed. Some of the chapters address grand theories while others deal with middle-range theories. The chapters on grand theories contained models and theories that provide broader frameworks or structures for ideals, while middle-range theories had models that focused on specific interventions. Some of the chapters addressed nurse-patient interactive practices while others concentrated on unitary processes.