Four Areas of Daily Living that Might be Affected
Just as there are no two people who are precisely alike, the same applies to two brain injuries. For some individuals, brain injury presents the beginning of a long-term disease process. Since the brain is in charge of numerous functions in individual’s body, an injury to this organ can create a severe impact on individual’s daily living. According to Falvo (2014), traumatic brain injury (TBI) can have a profound impact on movement, vision and hearing, eating, bowel and bladder functions, among other body functions (p. 48). Even after receiving treatment, the daily life of individuals suffering from TBI is never the same, as they require assistance to prevent complications.
TBI can affect movement, coordination, and balance of an individual when one side of the brain is injured. An injury to the left hemisphere creates a weakness on the right part of the human body (right hemiplegia), which has an effect on the right arm and right leg. A damage on the right hemisphere affects the left part of an individual’s body (left hemiplegia) leading to a weakness on the left arm and the left leg (Falvo, 2014, p. 48). Visual weaknesses, such as blurred vision, color blindness, or double vision, may result when part of the human brain is injured. In addition, partial loss of hearing and ringing in the ears can occur when an individual suffers from brain injury (Falvo, 2014). Individuals who do not have proper vision or hearing problem may experience challenges in life due to poor communication. Such individuals require special education to interact well with ordinary people.
Eating problems can affect individuals’ lives when their brains are injured. Improper eating can cause choke, or create a situation where food enters the air passage rather than the passage to the stomach. Incapacity to swallow food necessitates individuals to turn to special diets or demand assistance from family members who would assist them to eat with ease. Bowel and bladder functioning are also crucial in an individual’s life because they assist in eliminating waste from the body. However, brain injury can cause incontinence after individuals fail to control the urge to defecate or urinate (Falvo, 2014, p. 50). Such individuals may be forced to wear protection garments or undergo some operations to ease the passing of human waste.
Falvo, D. R. (2014). Medical and psychosocial aspects of chronic illness and disability. Boston, MA: Jones and Bartlett Publishers.