Sample Medical Research Paper on Current Health Challenges

Current Health Challenges

            Health is a major aspect that is directly proportional to prosperity of any population regardless their social or economic set-up. This means that for developments and tangible results to be realised, good health must be considered as a major player towards this course. To achieve this, experts have consistently embarked on a mission to better the health of all though innovation of modern and effective medication. Unlike the early days, this approaches have proofed fruitful considering that many diseases that were considered terminal are currently treatable. Credit can be given to advancement in education where professionals are taught about health issues consequently enabling them to actualise their knowledge. However, it is worth noting that some diseases have partially been linked with documented poof that their occurrence is as a result of way of life of the affected individuals. Researches have shown that health is largely affected by what individuals consume precisely foods and drinks(Hou, 2014). Miscellaneous consumptions like smoking and drug abuse also accounts for a substantial percentage in affecting human health. With both the researchers and the general public eager to know how this consumptions are linked to negatively affecting their health, researches to examine the contents of this substances have consistently been carried out. The results have largely shown the chemical concentration in these substances is the main cause.

            These findings have led to major proposals being made that preventive approaches should be considered compared to curative approaches. This will include major campaigns to enlighten the population that need to consider changing what they eat and drink is for their own good. There are those who argue that diets comprising of natural foods rather than processed or canned foods should be considered. Drug abuse sensitization campaigns should also be carried out to inform the public on the dangers of abusing drugs and extensively advise them on the dangers associated with drug abuse. Though it may be difficult to certainly change the way of life when it comes to the lifestyle of the population, it is believed that by informing the public on the dangers of some social aspects like smoking and drinking may influence their changes.

            Cancer has been a major health concern to many and has arguably been rated as one of the fierce diseases globally. Its causes have been attribute to family lineage, smoking precisely cigarettes, some kind of foodstuffs and drinks. Regrettably, many cancer types are not treatable but there have been preventive measures that have proofed effective. However, more needs to be done to help curb this disease precisely through preventive measures. The interest of the causes of this disease will be more on cigarettes smokingwhich is hypothesised to be a major cause of lung cancer, mouth cancer among others. Frequent smoking has been associated with injecting more nicotine in the body which is certainly risky to the health(Lintsen, 2005). Nicotine is attributed to problems associated with blood circulations and more so causes breathing problems due to lung infections. This consequently causes cancer at late the late stages. On the other hand, tar is associated with causing bad odour in the mouth of smokers and also in affecting their gum. The gum becomes weak and can hamper bacteria which causes teeth infection and bleeding. At late stages, this can lead to mouth cancer which is one of the cancerous infections that is hard to treat. Apart from these cancer infections, more infections are said to be as a result of nicotine and tar found in cigarettes. The most argued disorder associated with cigarettes is loss of memory or recollections.Cigarettes smoking is also associated with catalysing asthma infections and it is really dangerous for asthmatic people to associate themselves with smoking. This is due to the fact that tar causes brochures infections by minimising the air spaces which reduces air circulations of the affected individuals. A research carried out to examine the effect of cigarettes on muscles showed that individuals who smoke have weaker muscles as compared to non-smokers. The theory behind this is that smoking prevents free blood circulation in muscles consequently hampering their development. Researches have shown that cigarettes smoking causes effects on the heart precisely leading to coronary heart diseases. This in long term is said to be among the causes of too much clotting of blood which hinders circulation and may cause blood pressure at late stages. Smoking is further said to cause more problems to diabetic patients which can hinder their healing process. Generally, there have been no positive aspect associated with cigarettes smoking in any quota.

            Putting these smoking effects into consideration, the population that is mostly associated with smoking should be identified and enlightened at the same time. However, this may be a little bit challenging since smoking is more or less a universal problem in matters age. Previous researches have however shown that individuals aged twenty one to forty five years form the biggest proportion of cigarettes smokers. The target group, adults (21-45) years is of major concern and mechanisms will be put in place to enlighten the population on the need to change their habit regarding the same. This target population will certainly compose of both males and females since both genders are associated with smoking. The mission will be to pass important information precisely enlightening them on the dangers of smoking and extensively suggesting to them the measures they can put in place to help them abstain from the same. The target population is appropriate considering the method to be used in passing of the intended information. This age group is well vast in the use of technology and have direct access to internet in their day to day endeavours. That makes the campaign to inform them attainable though without certainty that the response will be positive. The effectiveness of this campaign will certainly depend on the response of the individuals towards the same. It is however expected that there will be a positive response which will reduce smoking of cigarettes fuelled by the awareness of the diseases caused by smoking. However, the campaign appreciates that there is a section of smokers who will find this campaign not useful and may not consider its recommendations.         

            The health education campaign about cigarettes smoking will be the objective of the study and it will be presented via the internet (online). The campaign will largely dwell on informing the population of the dangers associated with cigarettes smoking. All the health concerns will be provided supported by evidence sourced from expert’s point of view. This means that detailed explanations on how smoking sequentially affects an organ which with time causes another related organ to malfunction will be used. The campaign will also highlight the signs and symptoms associated with an infection under study. To make more effective and real, earlier health statistics concerning smoking may be incorporated. For example presenting statistics on causes of deaths annually as a result of cigarettes smoking may be provided. These statistics will be subdivided according to the disease or infection they caused. That means the campaign will be able to show which infection caused more deaths and try to explain the reason behind. The campaign will also clearly show the major components of cigarettes. This is important since earlier researches have shown a substantial percentage of smokers are unaware of the components of cigarettes. It can therefore be deduced that in an event these people become aware of the components of cigarettes, there is a likelihood that they may consider quitting smoking(Jones & Jones, 2008). All these awareness will be presented through images with some being presented by short videos. For example an image posted online showing the difference between the lungs of a smoker and a non-smoker may be used. With obvious expectations, the lungs of a smoker will certainly be shown to have developed some black linage. This images will be presented mostly through slide shows in chosen cites and videos being shown mostly on YouTube. Apart from images and videos, there may be audio clips used once an individual accesses a certain cite. The audio clips played will largely campaign against smoking and they may be sourced from previous smokers who have quit smoking due to health problems. The audio clips will be short and to the point to avoid a scenario where the clip can be considered as boring. Evaluating tar and nicotine and showing their short and long time effects will also be considered. This can be made effective by showing a short video where tar is subjected to heat or moderate fire and the emission of smoke observed with a white cloth or paper placed in a position where it will be in direct contact with the smoke emitted.  The cloth with the smoke can be shown to the viewers just to give a rough idea of how the thick smoke can affect individuals once inhaled. To make the intention of the campaign clear, there will be slides containing short answered questions available on internet. The question of why should one quit followed by brief explanation can be posed(Liu, 2010). The explanation mainly will concentrate on explaining the negative effects of smoking and highlighting fewcommon diseases. The question of how one should quit should also be posed with a brief explanation given as well. Suggestions of how one may adapt after quitting smoking especially for addicts should be given.

             These objective will however not succeed unless components of health education campaign are put in place. These components largely involve ideas or mechanisms that will enlighten the public or population on health issues and consequently succeed in passing the intended information or achieving the intended outcome. The idea of participants’ involvement should be incorporated to make this campaign appear real to the intended target group. This means getting an insight of the population need or expectations so as to know how to plan and actualise the intended plans. Evaluation of the progress of the laid plans should also be considered in a detailed manner. This will show whether the laid down plans are effective and show whether some changes should be done to help in realisation of set goals.Involving members of the target group, in this case smokers can make a significant change all the same. To an extent, celebrities who are well known to the public may be used in short videos to enlighten the public on the need to quit smoking due to already known health concerns.

            Planning is another major and vital component that must be incorporated in this whole idea. This means that formulation of goals must be done in accordance with what is expected to be realised at the end. Learning of environmental factors and smokers’ behaviour will be greatly considered as a major component in this study. Putting concrete plans on how the players will carry out their roles is an essential component that will determine the course of this plan.

            The component of a comprehensive programme will also be factored in. A comprehensive programme in this aspect means that the mission will not just to ensure individuals quit smoking but also to ensure there are preventive measures put in place to enlighten the population on dangers of indulging in smoking in the first place. Comprehensive programme covers a wide range of ideas and hence reaching a bigger audience(Hammond, 2011). The idea of comprehensive programme is effective since it is exhaustive and does not leave the audience questioning the motive or the purpose of a particular study. In this perspective it will be important to fully exhaust the questions that the audience may be interested to know. This means if it is the idea of a video clips or images, the message should be detailed and factual to make an intended impact. The component of long term change will be greatly adopted in this mission. The idea of sensitizing the public of the dangers of smoking will not be a short term initiative but rather a long-term mission to help consistent knowledge in realising the dangers associated with smoking. This means generations after generations will be able to realise how bad smoking can be harmful because in an event this sensitization is halted, the smoking trend may find its way back. Funding and supporting such a programme should be emphasised with other social bodies being encouraged to offer support in any means.

            Moreover, the reasons why individuals base smoking as good will be evaluated. With many arguing that they smoke due to stress, mechanisms will be put in place to educate them on the ways of eliminating or reducing stress. Images may be shown suggesting that stress is a mental aspect which is not related in any way with smoking. Other measures of dealing with stress among them relaxing and sharing out the issues at hand should be advocated for. Research and evaluation is another component that should be incorporated in this sensitization exercise. A research describing the process of and expected outcomes should be considered. It should be detailed enough to give an insight on how the whole process is likely to turn out and be effective and of use to the general population. Research suggesting how the campaign will be made effective over the ears is f great importance. The research should suggest after how long changes should be done on the campaign.


Hammond, D. (2011). Health warning messages on tobacco products: a review. Tobacco Control, 20(5), 327-337.

Hou, S. (2014). Health Education: Theoretical Concepts, Effective Strategies and Core Competencies. Health Promotion Practice, 15(5), 619-621.

Jones, A., & Jones, M. (2008). Helping people on acute wards to stop smoking. Mental Health Practice, 11(8), 18-21.

Lintsen, A. (2005). Effects of subfertility cause, smoking and body weight on the success rate of IVF. Human Reproduction, 20(7), 1867-1875.

Liu, F. (2010). Quit attempts and intention to quit cigarette smoking among Medicaid recipients in the USA. Public Health, 124(10), 553-558.