Sample Medical Papers on Barriers to Health Access

Many factors contribute to barriers in the healthcare system. These factors are cost, lack
of insurance, and long waiting times. Cultural and linguistic differences also make it difficult for
people to communicate with healthcare providers. Additionally, some people may live in rural
areas with limited access to healthcare facilities. The United States needs to address these
barriers to achieve its goal of universal healthcare.
Influence of Physical Geography
People living in rural areas might have to travel many miles to access medical care. Rural
areas have a shortage of healthcare providers. Chronically ill patients experience great difficulty
due to the absence of public transport options. In addition, rural areas often lack healthcare
providers (Huot et al., 2019). The small size of these communities limits the number of
healthcare professionals. Limited transportation options cause emotional and financial stress to
the patients and their families.
Limited access to healthcare services is a significant problem in urban areas. Huge
populations complicate health insurance. Poor sanitation, air pollution, and waste
mismanagement hinder healthcare services. Individuals face discriminatory treatment based on
their insurance status (Loftus et al., 2017). Such discrimination excludes a large population from
quality healthcare services.
Culture and Language Barrier
The United States is a multiethnic country. Each community has its language and distinct
culture. Indigenous populations face challenges in communicating their health needs to
healthcare providers. Language differences hamper the dissemination of healthcare information.
Cultural differences decrease the trust and willingness of communities to articulate their
symptoms. This misunderstanding may lead to discrimination in access to healthcare services.


Healthcare Provider-Related Barriers
Healthcare providers face many barriers that limit proper healthcare for their patients.
Lack of access to insurance coverage, high personal costs, and poor transportation hinder
convenient healthcare services. Different areas face provider shortages due to retirements and
turnovers. Increased workload for healthcare workers restrains their service delivery due to
inadequate rest time. Slow and poor recruitment further exacerbates this situation. The resulting
condition is an overworked sector that struggles with burnout and stress.
Inadequate skills in tackling health conditions are a significant barrier. Dynamics in the
healthcare sector provide challenges requiring new skills and knowledge. Good communication
skills, for instance, can reduce medical errors and injury (Tiwary et al., 2019). Insufficient
opportunities to gather new skills and develop acquired ones is a significant barrier to healthcare
Systematic Factors Barriers
Poor coordination is a barrier to healthcare services. Poor communication in medical care
facilities reduces the quality of healthcare services. Patients suffer due to disorganized medical
services. Inadequate funding for healthcare facilities is also a big challenge. People experience
inequitable access to medical care services due to insufficient funds. Such areas experience high
mortality rates.


Cost Barriers
Many people experience financial distress due to the cost of medical care. Medical
insurance policies are expensive and out of reach for ordinary people. There is a positive
relationship between health insurance and health outcomes (US), 2022). Out-of-pocket costs
deny people medical care as it is financially unsustainable. Patients lack knowledge about the
costs of medical care and treatment. The resulting knowledge gap provides difficulty in
accessing patient information. Discomfort in estimating medical costs creates a barrier to
healthcare access.
Social Stigma Barriers
People with chronic illness or mental health conditions may feel isolated due to social
stigma. These people may suffer in silence for fear of segregation. Feelings of shame and guilt
make it difficult for medical providers to treat them. Fear of rejection and unfounded
discrimination makes them avoid healthcare centers. Knowledge and data gap for social stigma
victims creates a medical barrier.
Transportation Barriers
Transportation is an essential step for medical care access. Transport barriers delay
appointments, delay medication use, and lead to missed meetings. Patients with chronic illnesses,
for example, need frequent visits to hospitals. Inadequate healthcare services are tragic to
diabetic patients and others with acute conditions. Governments must improve transport
infrastructure and facilities to mitigate the effects of transport barriers on healthcare access.


Time Barrier
Patients experience long waits in healthcare facilities. Poor communication, inadequate staff, and
lengthy procedures cause these situations. Incompetency of healthcare workers creates long
queues that discourage patients. Exhaustion incurred during hospital visits cause slow recovery
rates. The long delays may also exacerbate the conditions of patients requiring emergency
services. The time factor is a significant barrier to healthcare access.
Healthcare is essential for the well-being of man. People face barriers that limit their
access to medical care services. Transport, social stigma, cost, and systematic factors are the
barriers to healthcare. The government of the United States should limit these components to
achieve universal healthcare for all.



Huot, S., Ho, H., Ko, A., Lam, S., Tactay, P., MacLachlan, J., & Raanaas, R. K. (2019).
Identifying barriers to healthcare delivery and access in the Circumpolar North: essential
insights for health professionals. International Journal of Circumpolar Health, 78(1),
Loftus, J., Allen, E. M., Call, K. T., & Everson-Rose, S. A. (2017). Rural-Urban Differences in
Access to Preventive Health Care Among Publicly Insured Minnesotans. The Journal of
Rural Health, 34, s48–s55.
Tiwary, A., Rimal, A., Paudyal, B., Sigdel, K. R., & Basnyat, B. (2019). Poor communication by
health care professionals may lead to life-threatening complications: examples from two
case reports. Wellcome Open Research, 4, 7.
‌ US), M. (2022). Effects of Health Insurance on Health.; National Academies Press