Sample Management Essay Paper on Individual Reflection

Individual Reflection

Introduction

Our group’s name is Fly pig, and it comprises of four members, three men and one girl. Our success as a group depends on our effective decision-making skills that are influenced by every member’s decision styles and personalities. As a group, we focus on togetherness where every person contributes and makes an effort towards ensuring that we succeed in everything we do. There are two major decision styles showcased by members of our group, which are conceptual and analytical. According to Ogarca (2015), the conceptual decision style is often common among idealist decision makers who focus primarily on compliance with some values and ethics. This style involves trusting others as well as encouraging participation. Moreover, most conceptualists are more of thinkers than people of action. Other characteristics of people with this decision style are that they are concerned with long-term results, taking higher risks, creative approaches to problem-solving, and brainstorming of alternatives. Ogarca (2015) states that the analytical style is common among decision makers who showcase tolerance for the ambiguity of tasks at hand. Their decisions are found on extensive information, and they often elaborate several decision-making options. Also, people with this decision style often neglect control. They prefer to use direct observations, facts, and data when determining the best outcome.

As one of the group members, I have two major decision styles, conceptual and analytical. The captain of our group has the analytical decision style, a style they showcase with the third member of the group. The only female in our group showcases the conceptual decision style. When it comes to personality types, I am of the ENTJ personality type that stands for extraversion, intuition, thinking, and judgment. Our group’s captain is of the ESTJ personality type that stands for extraversion, sensing, thinking, and judgment. The other male member of our group is of the INTJ personality type standing for introversion, intuition, thinking, and judgment. The female member of our group is of the ISFJ personality standing for introversion, sensing, feeling, and judgment.

Decision Style Effects on Group Decision Making

Both the conceptual and analytical decision styles have positive impacts on our group’s decision-making process. It is only me and the female member of our group who have this decision style. When it comes to decision-making, we often bring creativity, and we tend to take risks in finding answers to various questions or problems that arise (Al-Omari, 2013, p. 103). The fact that we understand complex relationships has also contributed to our togetherness. Moreover, we believe in open and truthful relationships with other group members, and this has contributed to the minimal disagreements witnessed in our group. The analytical style has also had positive effects on our group’s decision-making process. With three members of the group having this decision style, the level of intelligence in our group is at an optimum. Also, this style often favors our decision-making processes as it insists on looking for much information and considering several alternatives before coming up with a decision (Al-Omari, 2013, p. 103). Moreover, people with this style are impersonal, and this allows open and easy interaction among our group’s members.

Personality Type Effects on Group Decision Making

The ENTJ personality type is both beneficial and disadvantageous to our group’s decision-making process. According to Dunning (2016), it allows a rapid logical analysis where consideration is given to several ideas and possibilities. Besides, it ensures that our group’s decisions are pushed through quickly. However, the fact that it emphasizes the need for moving quickly often results in unnecessary corrections and revisions to decisions already made. The ISFJ personality type is beneficial to our group’s decision-making since it allows us to make careful and thorough assessments of the personal implications as well as consequences of the choices made by each member. It also helps to minimize unnecessary distractions or disruptions during decision-making process as it stresses the need to maintain the status quo (Dunning, 2016). However, at times, this personality type does not consider innovation and prefers untried ways to solve problems thus adversely affecting the group’s decision-making processes. The ESTJ personality type benefits our group’s decision-making process in that it allows us to make rapid logical analyses that consider the facts as well as the realities of the situations at hand. In line with the argument of Aneja (2017), it also allows us to accomplish immediate practical results since we decide, act, and correct whenever necessary. Its shortfall is that we often rely on impartial analysis and pay little attention to the needs of other members involved in decision-making. On the other hand, the INTJ personality type has a positive effect on our group’s decision-making process given its board systematic approach to solving problems and decision-making. It also allows us to integrate diverse options and possibilities when making decisions. However, the fact that it stresses on considering and exploring problems and decisions thoroughly makes it difficult for us to make quick decisions (Dunning, 2017).

Team Development and its Effect on Group Decision Making

In achieving team development, our group often focuses on attending thorough training sessions where we learn more about communication and how to improve our interactions and relationships. We also develop our team by integrating technology such as smartphones. One of the effects of such development initiatives is that they have made decision-making faster and easier as compared to before (Marold, Lassalle, Schöbel, & Manzey, 2015). Also, we can easily determine whether a decision we come up with is right or appropriate for our group.

Future Improvements

To improve our team’s performance, we are considering various initiatives such as facilitating communication as a team and between individual members, setting clear work objectives and expectations, setting ground rules that every member will be expected to follow, creating a method for reaching consensus, as well as celebrating our accomplishments and celebrating the efforts and contributions of each member.

Reference List

Al-Omari, A.A., 2013. The relationship between decision making styles and leadership styles among public school principals. International Education Studies6(7), p.100. Retrieved from https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1068554.pdf

Aneja, G. (2017, October 02). The ESTJ Personality Type and Decision-Making. Retrieved from https://careerassessmentsite.com/estj-personality-types/mbti-test/myers-briggs-test/estj-decison-making

Dunning, D. (2017, January 10). INTJs and Decision Making. Retrieved from http://www.dunning.ca/blog/intjs-and-decision-making/

Dunning, D. 2016, November 14. ISFJs and Decision Making. Retrieved from http://www.dunning.ca/blog/isfjs-and-decision-making/

Dunning, D. 2016, September 06. ENTJs and Decision Making. Retrieved from http://www.dunning.ca/blog/entjs-and-decision-making/

Marold, J., Lassalle, R., Schöbel, M. & Manzey, D. (2015). Risk, uncertainty and decision-making. Retrieved from https://www.foncsi.org/en/publications/collections/industrial-safety-cahiers/group-decision-making-training/CSI-NDM-decision-making-training.pdf

Ogarca, R.F., 2015. An investigation of decision making styles in SMEs from south-west oltenia region (Romania). Procedia Economics and Finance20, pp.443-452. Retrieved from https://ac.els-cdn.com/S2212567115000957/1-s2.0-S2212567115000957-main.pdf?_tid=41cfe68a-e21a-45e7-9f91-7e884c0443ea&acdnat=1527496064_3af763bb1b751104bf3521ea3f976d44