Sample Literature Essay on Nikita Mikhalkov: Between Nostalgia and Nationalism


 In Act II, Scene VII of as You like It, Jaques says to Duke Senior: “All the worlds a stage, and all the men and women merely players; they have their exits and their entrances, and one man in his time plays many parts…” (Shakespeare).  According to me the director intended so present to us the symbolic nature of how people’s lives, especially aristocrats in Russia during the 19th century where they are closely watched and scrutinized. The stage also acts as a divide for Russia’s upper society from its servants and workers. The stage is where the members of the upper society (aristocrats) belong while the servants and workers in the story belong in the wings and behind the stage.


Due to her determination and choice of living life by herself, Anna is likeable. Through her desires for a good life and her courageous nature, she is able to make her own life decisions. Her struggle finally ends up in suicide since the man she fought for turned against her. He was all she was fighting for, and now that the whole society was on her neck, she could not bear the pressure without the backing of Vronsky, her love (Roberts 158).


It is evident that Anna is punished for being a female and no other reason. Her counterpart Vronsky leaves unpunished despite the proof that they were both guilty of the same crime. Unlike Vronsky who coexists freely with other members of the society, Anna undergoes condemnation as a result of the crime. Comparably, her cynicism is so devastating but later justifies her end. The end of Anna comes about as a result of her undying love for Vronsky, which goes to the extend of rendering her as an outcast in the society. Anna’s last hope of ideal happiness is wrecked by the oppression of those around her (Beumers 101).

Work cited

Beumers, Birgit. Nikita Mikhalkov: Between Nostalgia and Nationalism. London: I.B. Tauris, 2004. Print.

Roberts, Graham H. Other Voices: Three Centuries of Cultural Dialogue between Russia and Western Europe. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Pub, 2011. Internet resource.