Sample Leadership Studies Paper on Authoritarian versus Participative Leadership

Authoritarian versus Participative Leadership

Leadership style is the various methods that a leader uses to direct, implement and execute plans, and motivate people. There are various leadership styles used in different fields of politics and business. They include; authoritarian, participative, delegative, transactional, and transformational leadership among many others. Some of these leadership styles have some similarities as well as differences; for example, this paper discusses authoritarian and participative leadership.


In both authoritarian and participative leadership, the leader makes the final decision. In authoritarian leadership, a powerful and knowledgeable leader is chosen who can inflict expectations and determine the outcomes. In participative leadership, the leader listens to the ideas of the teammates but eventually decides which idea is the best to be implemented and executed. Apart from leaders giving the final decision, the creativity of the leader is greatly borrowed. A leader’s creativity is based on their knowledge, beliefs, and understanding.


As written by ZYLFIJAJ et al. (4-5) Authoritarian leaders are referred to as controllers, they give guidelines to their followers on what to do. On the other hand, participative leaders listen to their subjects’ opinions and consider them to make effective decisions. Authoritarian leadership is more like dictatorship leadership where the leaders are not questioned about the decisions they make. However, participative leadership is more like democratic where leaders know their subjects’ skills, abilities, and experiences. Leaders using a participative leadership style allow their followers to make their own decisions thus motivating them. The art of motivation is absent in authoritarian government (Ganzemiller 102-104).



Works Cited

Ganzemiller, Kerstin, et al. “JOURNAL OF LEADERSHIP IN ORGANIZATIONS.” (2021).

ZYLFIJAJ, KUJTIM, LURA REXHEPI, and ARTA KOKA GRUBI. “Authoritarian Leadership VS. Participative Leadership in Organizations.” Studiorum University di Bologna (2014).