Sample Leadership Studies Argumentative Essay on Police Brutality a Fallacy Created By Media

Police Brutality a Fallacy Created By Media

Over Past years, there has been a tense relationship between the police and public especially Black Americans who claim that they are the main target of the police brutality. This has led to a misconception across the country that young black Americans men receive brutal treatments such as unjustified killings, forced to false confessions and physical assaults. However, statistics have refuted this, and actually, it has shown that African Americans have a higher probability of experiencing nonfatal force by the police compared to their white counterparts. Up to 13.7% of African Americans stopped by the police along the streets had experienced nonfatal force during such encounters compared to 6.9% of their white counterparts. Police work in a very challenging environment than any other professionals in the United States. For the last 50 years, United States has undergone a tremendous change. The country has become greatly urbanized, and most people have moved to this centers making them more crowded and hence the emergence of ghettos (Johnson & Gregory, 1971). With increased number of ghettos, the rate of crimes and violence is high complicating the work of police even further.

Claim

The issue of police brutality must be scrutinized thoroughly to eliminate a notion that police brutality is actually a fact. This will help to create a harmonious relationship between police and the public and therefore allow these two parties to work in collaboration making the work of police in marinating and enforcing law and orders easier.

Warrant

The issue of the police brutality is highly exaggerated. Several movements arrange and twist the incidences of police shootings especially to portray American police as racists who only target Black Americans. These movements are taking advantage of the past killings of black American to criticize killing of every black man regardless of the reason for killing. Most people across the United States now believe that police are unfairly targeting the young Black American men. However, this is a misconception as some reports have indicated that for the last one decade more White men have been killed than Black men have. Further, most of the Black men killed in these shootings engage in criminal activities such a murder, hard drug smuggling, violence and rape (Klahm & Tillyer, 2010). Moreover, they possess guns, and therefore police are forced to use excessive force for their self-defense or for the defense the victim of these criminals. In such circumstances, the law allows police to open fire as well as apply force on the suspects.

Both the social media and news stations have been involved in spreading lies about the police brutality. Instead of reporting facts, the news stations present what makes their viewers happy. For example, in the case of the shooting of Michael Brown, the media houses portrayed this young man as the caring, harmless and unarmed fellow who police killed carelessly. The new houses refused to give the other side of the story that Brown had vandalized a store and seriously assaulted a clerk before fleeing the scene. After the police had caught up with him, he tried to attack the police officer to point where he wanted to take his gun and shoot him. It was at this point when police shot him dead. Police was acting within the law of self-defense and if the Brown had complied, he would not have been shot (Paul & Daniella, 2010). On the other hand, social media played a great role in portraying police as a number one enemy of Black-American men. Individuals normally rush to post images of killed black men on twitter, Instagram, and Facebook. With no substantial evidence, they claim that black men are being targeted and this creates tension between black Americans and the police.

Evidence

The research conducted by the Washington Post on the police killings between 2002 and 2015 indicate that about 986 people killed in police shootings, 464 were white men, 258 black and 172 Hispanic. In addition, police work under stressful conditions such dealing with the armed criminals and they must kill some of them for their self-defense. Social injustices have led to some of these problems because the black population lives in severe poverty and as a result, they turn to crime for a living (García & Sharif, 2015). The greater presence of police witnessed in black neighborhoods is as result of the high rate and history of crime in these areas but not as result of discrimination against Blacks. Another analysis of 20 newspaper indicated that police are just doing their work of protecting citizens from the dangerous criminals who pose a serious threat to the society.      

Summary

There is a strained relationship between police and public especially the black population who say that they are unfairly targeted. However, the studies have provided evidence to prove these claims as bias aimed to taint police reputation. Human right movements and some section of media such as news and social media have been spreading rumors about the policy brutality against young Black men. Police have right for self-defense, and in case a criminal has a weapon and refuses to surrender it to police may shoot him. This cannot be categorized a police brutality. Hence, some other killings committed by police against Black men are not discriminatory but enforcement of law. Studies assert that the actual number of Black men killed by police is actually a bias. For instance, between 2002 and 2015 more White than Black men were killed by the police. Social injustices and economic inequalities may have a major role in converting more African American men into criminals contributing to the higher rate of crime in the black neighborhoods hence more killings by police.          

References

Jee-Lyn García, J., & Sharif, M. Z. (2015). Black Lives Matter: A Commentary on Racism and Public Health. American Journal of Public Health105(8), e27–e30. http://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2015.302706

Johnson, D., & Gregory, R. (1971). Police-community relations in the United States: A review of recent literature and projects. The Journal of Criminal Law, Criminology, and Police Science.

Klahm, C. F., & Tillyer, R. (2010). Understanding police use of force: A review of the

evidence. Southwest journal of criminal justice7(2), 214-239.

Paul J. H., & Daniella S. (2010). Legitimizing police violence. Theoretical Criminology, 14 (2), 155-182.

Paul J. H., & Daniella S. (2010). Legitimizing police violence. Theoretical Criminology, 14 (2), 155-182.