Quality of the Governance of International Organizations
The rule of law, responsibility, and transparency are not only procedural aspects of administrative regimes, but also outcomes of good governance. The quality of governance determines what the public should get from the governing body, and how it would get it. The initial establishments of the international system underlined the role of secretariats as a support to intergovernmental negotiations, but due to the exponential growth of the public sector internationally, the role of secretariats has changed into that of management (Muldoon, Aviel and Reitano 237). Facilitation of good governance goes beyond the states’ powers or political will to incorporate fairness in delivery of services.
International governmental organizations (IGOs) are established to facilitate resource allocation, solving of disputes, and directing regimes on how to exercise power to improve quality of life. The main criteria for judging the quality of governance, as demonstrated by IGOs include accountability, rule of law, and service delivery. Accountability in governance is articulated through enforcement of norms. According to Muldoon, Aviel and Reitano, norm enforcement ensures that states have complied with the obligations that have been granted by the signatories (240). The United Nations has contributed in the promotion of human rights through compelling its members to respect rights of women and children.
The rule of law entails consistency in abiding to the legal agreements signed by organizational members. For instance, the UN undertakes the rule of law as a principle of governance where states are accountable to legal provisions that are publicly promulgated and those that are in line with the international human rights standards. Rule of law expresses good governance through effective coordination of strategies. Good governance also involves effectiveness in delivery of services without favoring any side. Good governance is receptive to the wishes of the whole community. Such governance should be capable balancing competing interests appropriately and timely. Poor delivery of services leads to loss of public trust.
The UN Charter has endeavored to offer a blueprint for good governance through accountability, as well as rule of law. By convincing many countries to ratify the Charter, the UN has proved to be the most suitable agency for demonstrating good governance. The core responsibility of the UN is to promote international cooperation by offering conflict resolutions and humanitarian support. The call to establish and maintain institutions that promote human rights within member states is an indication of good governance (Zhang 45). Through its chapters, the UN Charter offers strategies to resolve international conflicts and means to carry out social, political, and economic activities within the legal provision.
States have the audacity to ignore decisions and policy implementation dictated by the UN Charter, but such states usually lack the will to establish their own mechanisms to solve global problems, such as climate change, illegal immigration, terrorism, nuclear weapons, and human trafficking (Muldoon, Aviel and Reitano 250). What seems to be missing in the application of international rule is the capacity to enforce the rule when persuasion and pressure becomes futile.
Personally, I believe that the UN Charter offers the best example in the practice of good governance because it incorporate views from different humanitarian grounds. The UN offers a forum where representatives from different states speak with one voice concerning the international community. It was through the UN that racial equality was adopted as a global norm, in addition to delegitimizing apartheid as a principle and system of government (Muldoon, Aviel and Reitano 255). The UN, through its agencies, has emphasized on civil society, peaceful conflict resolution, and accountability, as the appropriate aspects of good governance.
Muldoon, James P. Jr., JoAnn Fagot Aviel,and Richard Reitano. The New Dynamics of Multilateralism: Diplomacy, International Organizations, and Global Governance. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 2010. Print.
Zhang, Wei. Human Rights and Good Governance. Leiden ; Boston : Brill Nijhoff, 2016. Internet resource.