Sample History Essay Paper on Civil War Politics

In the United States of America, there was a great impact on both national and regional politics due to secession. Secession can be defined as the withdrawal of a group of people from a larger entity like a political party, military alliance or form a union.  Secession in the United States took place after eleven slave states pulled out of the Union during 1860-1861 following the election of Abraham Lincoln as the United States president. The eleven states pulled out of the union as they were against the slave trade and were advocating for free states.1 The secession affected both the national and regional politics as it caused division among the individuals and this led to conflicts among those who supported slave states and those in support of Free states. Secession led to national struggles as it threatened the functions of the national administration. Secession paved the way for the Civil War and it was a major reason why the Civil War was fought. The first attempt of the Civil War fought at Fort Sumter due to secession. 

            The first shots of the Civil War took place in Fort Sumter whereby the Confederate leaders ordered an attack and a shell was blown up on top of Fort Sumter. Since the place was so open and not protected U.S. Major Robert Anderson could not let his soldiers in as this would have led to the death of many soldiers. Instead, they decided to fire from a safer protected position but that did not do much damage to the Confederates.2 The Confederates had also blocked the entrance of the harbor with their boats as they had powerful guns which were capable of destroying any ship that could try to enter the harbor.


1 James, McPherson. Ordeal by Fire: The Civil War and Reconstruction. McGraw-Hill Education. 2010.

2 Kelly, Kelly. & Christopher, Cruise. First Shots of the Civil War at Fort Sumter 2014.

Anderson and his soldiers had to surrender since they had tried all they can but they did not succeed. The first shot of the Civil War led to the destruction of more than four thousand shells within thirty-three hours of fighting. The good thing about the fight was that no one was killed on either side.


Kelly, Kelly. & Cruise, Christopher. First Shots of the Civil War at Fort Sumter. 2014.

McPherson, James. Ordeal by Fire: The Civil War and Reconstruction. McGraw-Hill Education. 2010.