The northern Andes was initially occupied by Pastos, Caras, and Aztecs. Incas arrived in the late 1400s, collaborating with the dominant groups to produce agricultural goods, such as corn, beans, peas, and minerals while setting up a robust system of trading with cotton and cocoa. Accordingly, the Inca community was attracted to this natural wealth, therefore, conquering this area.
After establishing themselves in this region, Incas cemented their control through absorbing a large population of royal people from the southern Andes while relocating the less royal subjects. The reshuffling process ensured that the surrounding communities were largely intact, hence an assured control in this region. On the other hand, Incas did not tolerate communities that did not submit to their ruling, leading to a brutal relationship that drove some Aztec from the Andes areas. Interactions in building empire and trade affairs lead to picking off the cultural terms of an abstract nature.
Conversely, Aztec people staged a series of war on the neighboring Indian group, building an empire that indicated ambitious plans to trade using their dominant mineral, gold. Mining also played a role in the settlement of the Incans in the Andean highlands and the establishment of the urban centers. The exploitation of the precious minerals drove the behavior of Spaniard authorities for most of the colonial periods. By adopting the social ranks, Aztec community encouraged some people to acquire even more wealth while others were poor. In the process, the Inca remained as the alternative, a bright side to move. With time, secular Inca culture was relatively more prominent than the Aztec’s culture due to the multiplicity of the number of words involved in the communication.
While towns and urban centers were the primary focus of Incas settlement, Aztec focused on the rural settlements that brought little investment opportunities and interests. Even when the civil wars had been concluded, and more Spaniards had arrived, most native communities and institutions below the Inca imperial level remained intact but Aztec did not survive due to lack of royal holdings. Consequently, Aztec language and culture are currently more artifacts while the Incas language and culture are still dominant among the Andean communities.