A research team adopts a model that assigns specific roles to a team member, and for each task, there is are particular responsibilities attached to it. Therefore, in a research team, there are principal investigators, Coordinators, Research Assistants, and Quality Control officers. Under that model, the principal investigator develops sound research protocols and mobilizes resources, while study coordinators facilitate the implementation process. Research Assistants are implements the study procedures while the Quality control officer ensures strict adherence to protocols. The roles significantly impact the decision-making process, setting goals, leadership, and conflict resolution. Furthermore, it influences a team’s performance, cohesion, motivation, and building trust.
Tuckman’s model has four stages for team development namely forming, storming, forming, and performing. During the forming step, the team members are in the process of knowing each other, while the storming stage they begin to show their actual characters and how they want things done (Situation Leadership, 2019). During the norming stage, the team’s members appreciate each other, and there is conflict resolution. Lastly, the performing stage is when the team is self-driven, understands their roles, and is productive. For instance, during the storm stage, team members want to gain control and outshine each other, hence interpersonal conflicts (Management Team Guide, 2019). Tuckman’s model differs from others because it explains that a team develops in maturity and relationships establish and that influences leadership style (Situation Leadership, 2019).
Different strategies can strengthen a team, for instance, effective leadership, goal setting, effective communication and team-building (Management Team Guide, 2019). Effective leadership at each stage of team performance is essential in bringing cohesion and motivating the team. The group leader must set a good example and steer the group to meet set goals (Situation Leadership, 2019). Secondly, effective communication is vital in the decision-making process and promotes team cohesion. Understanding who to communicate to reduces tension in a group encourages conflict resolution and cultivates an environment of trust. (Situation Leadership, 2019) Thirdly, setting clear and achievable goals place responsibilities and distinct roles in a group. Therefore, to achieve the set goals, team members are assigned duties and held accountably. Lastly, team building helps the staff in relieving work-related tension, promotes interpersonal understanding, and motivates the team towards meeting the set goals (Situation Leadership, 2019).
The strength and extent of interpersonal connection among team members is defined as group cohesion. There are several strategies that can be employed to help achieve a cohesive group. First, the employment recruitment process should hire with care and should consider how well potential candidates can fit in a group (Corporate Finance Institute, 2019). Secondly, the leadership should promote collective participation and the decision-making process. Each in a team should be encouraged to participate, and the leader should value the involvement of each member. Effective conflict resolution is also essential in achieving group cohesion (Corporate Finance Institute, 2019). Interpersonal disputes within a team should be resolved either within the group or by the management. Lastly, empowering team members through delegation of duties makes members feel ownership of the activities and hence more cohesiveness in a team (Corporate Finance Institute, 2019).
However, there are also factors that contribute to group cohesion such as similarities of values, shared goals, size of the group, and time. The similarity of values creates social validation and keeps members united (Corporate Finance Institute, 2019). Secondly, smaller groups tend to be more cohesive than larger groups. Third, the duration of time the group has spent together enhances cohesion since the group understands each other’s strengths, weaknesses, and delegates duties accordingly. Lastly, previous successes and shared goals create a collective sense of responsibility, therefore cohesion in a group (Corporate Finance Institute, 2019).
Corporate Finance Institute (2019).Team Cohesion – Overview, Examples, Strategies for Team Bonding. (Retrieved from https://corporatefinanceinstitute.com/resources/careers/soft-skills/team-cohesion/
Management Team Guide (2019).Team Models – Different types of teams. Retrieved from https://www.managementstudyguide.com/team-models.htm
Situation Leadership (2019).Tuckman: Forming, Storming, Norming and Performing – BusinessBalls.com.. Retrieved from https://www.businessballs.com/team-management/tuckman-forming-storming-norming-performing-model/