Role of Institutional Review Board (IRB)
Institutional Review Board (IRB) is an independent ethics committee that has been designed to accept, control, and assess studies that pertain to biomedical and behavioral of humans (Nurunnabi, 2014). Importantly, the board conducts a cost-benefit analysis involving the investigation to evaluate if the research should be performed. Additionally, the body is mandated to safeguard participating individuals from physical or emotional abuse that might result from the study. Moreover, IRB ensures that explorations executed are aligned with the principles of honesty, convictions, and respect for the people involved (Westlake & Taha, 2012). Further, the team facilitates conversant informative materials and voluntary participation of likable persons that can make examination decisions during the process.
How IRB Protect the Rights of Human Subjects Participating in Research
The IRB mainly protect the rights of human subjects by incorporating the ethical principles of research that comprise respect for individuals, beneficence, and justice.
Respect for Persons is the first norm that requires human willingness and consent to be involved in the investigation (Nurunnabi, 2014). Additionally, it mandates the board to provide adequate and substantial materials concerning the study, its requirements and also safeguarding the privacy and confidentiality of its participants. Further, through the incorporation of the beneficence system, that dictates reduction to the impending threats and justifying the prospective benefits to the community. Lastly, the institute enhances justice that insinuates equal spread of risks and remunerations among the parties that might profit from the exploration (Nurunnabi, 2014).
The approach used to obtain the participants is ethical since based on the principles of human subjects, individuals incorporated in the study are to be provided with adequate and substantial information (Nurunnabi, 2014). Further, their participation should be voluntary with considerable benefit after completion of the investigation.
Nurunnabi, A. S. M. (2014). Institutional Review Board (IRB): its role and responsibility in making research ethical. Bangladesh Journal of Bioethics, 5(1), 5-10. Retrieved from: https://www.banglajol.info/index.php/BIOETHICS/article/view/18442
Westlake, C., & Taha, A. A. (2012). The Institutional Review Board: Purpose and Process. Clinical Nurse Specialist, 26(2), 66-70. Retrieved from: http://journals.lww.com/cns-journal/Citation/2012/03000/The_Institutional_Review_Board__Purpose_and.3.aspx