Sample Health Care Argumentative Essay Paper on The benefits of home birth versus hospital birth

The benefits of home birth versus hospital birth

Introduction

Did you know that giving birth is a natural event? In addition, did you know that before 1900 majority of US births took place at home? More importantly, did you know that before hospitals became part and parcel of human life women gave birth at home or at any other place that did not qualify to be termed as hospital? If you did not know this, then it is high time you realize that women started giving birth in hospitals in large numbers in 1900s. In addition, it is high time you realize that giving birth does not require a lot of science for it to take place because up to 90 percent women can give birth normally (MacDorman, Mathews, & Declercq, 2012). This means that majority of the women do not need assistance from medical practitioners for them to give birth as purported in hospital births. Given that the number of children that lost their lives before 1900 was very minimal then giving birth at home is as safe as giving birth at hospital.

This essay focuses its attention on the benefits of home birth over hospital birth. It argues that giving birth at home is as safe as doing it in hospital. The essay maintains that home births do not result to cesarean operations as majority of hospital births do.     

Background

Before 1900, majority of the US women gave birth in other places other than in hospitals. Although this practice changed in 1900s, no research was conducted to demonstrate that giving birth in hospital would be far much safer than giving birth at home. In addition, no research was conducted to demonstrate that the practice would improve care as well as reduce infant mortality. According to Beech (2012), the practice became widespread after the Peel report was published in 1970. The report did not provide anything concrete about safety except expressing its opinion that it would be good for women to give birth in hospitals (Beech, 2012).

Following this report, the number of women that gave birth at home in USA fell to 1 percent from 44 percent between 1940 and 1970. To date, the percentage of women that give birth at home stagnates between 1 and 2 percent (MacDorman, Mathews, & Declercq, 2012).    

Throughout this essay, the term home birth refers to the exercise of giving birth at home with the assistance of experienced midwives. On the other hand, the term hospital birth refers to the exercise of giving birth in a hospital with assistance of qualified medical practitioners (Olsen, & Clausen, 2012). It would be worth noting that qualified medical practitioners are not involved in any way in home birth evaluated in the essay.    

Reason and evidence

Inasmuch as hospitals are presented as the safest places for giving births, studies have demonstrated that these places are full of unnecessarily interventions that are not present at home births. According to Olsen and Clausen (2012), planned home births can have less intervention. They can also have fewer complications and be as safe as hospital births. While some interventions that take place at hospitals are good and executed for the benefits of women, majority of the women especially the healthy ones can give birth normally. Consequently, most interventions that take place when women give birth in hospitals are uncalled for and unwarranted. Studies have demonstrated that women with normal deliveries that labor at home increase their chances of giving birth safely and in satisfying manner (Beech, 2012). On the contrary, such women that labor in hospitals are highly likely to be subjected to cesareans in case they show minor signs of complications. At times, they will be ill advised by medical practitioners to undergo cesareans even when they can give birth normally. Given that up to 90 percent of women can give birth normally without complications, then home births are safe (Olsen, & Clausen, 2012). In addition, they stop women from undergoing unnecessary cesarean operations practiced mostly in hospital births.    

It would be important to acknowledge the fact that the exercise of giving birth is a natural one. Consequently, even in the absence of the assistance of medical practitioners as it is the case in hospital births, women can give birth normally. Normal births are far much better than hospital births that in most cases result to unnecessary cesarean operations. Although cesareans do not usually result to major complications after women give birth, they are not as safe as normal births because they might expose women to infections as well as excessive bleeding (Olsen, & Clausen, 2012). On the contrary, normal delivery is unlikely to lead to infection and excessive bleeding because it is a natural exercise. Indeed, it is a safe exercise that does not subject women to unnecessary surgical operations.   

Likely objection

With regard to the reasons and evidences provided in support of home births, the proponents of hospital births are likely to raise the following objections. First, they are likely to claim that majority of interventions that take place at hospitals usually occur to help women to give birth safely. Consequently, they are called for and warranted. Second, they are likely to claim that home births are not as safe as hospital births because most of the midwives are untrained people.

With regard to the first objection, the proponents of hospital births ought to know that majority of for profit hospitals are after making profit even if in that process they offer quality services. Consequently, unethical medical practitioners working for these hospitals are highly likely to trick women into surgical operations so that their hospitals can make more money. Although it might be difficult to prove that majority of these hospitals tend to do this, it is evident that majority of cesarean operations are uncalled for given that up to 90 percent women can give birth normally (MacDorman, Mathews, & Declercq, 2012). Based on this understanding, most interventions conducted in hospitals during delivery are unnecessary. With regard to the second objection, the proponents of hospital births ought to know that the exercise of giving birth is a natural one. Consequently, even in the absence of trained medical practitioners majority of the women can give birth safely. Indeed, they were doing it before 1900 and no major incidences of infant mortality were reported back then.  

Conclusion

In contrast to hospital births, home births allow women to labor for quite some time before any major intervention can be executed. In addition, they are low-risk activities because the exercise of giving birth is a natural one. More importantly, majority of the women can give birth normally. Therefore, they do not require assistance from medical practitioners as it is done with hospital births. Based on these facts, home births are safe, natural and non-invasive. For these reasons, women should be allowed and encouraged to give birth at home. 

References

Beech, B. (2012). The benefits of home birth: evidence of safety, effectiveness and women’s experience. London: AIMS. 

MacDorman, M., Mathews, T., & Declercq, E. (2012). Home births in the United States, 1990-2009. CDC. U.S department of health and human services.

Olsen, O., & Clausen, J. (2012). Planned hospital birth versus planned home birth (review). The Cochrane library: John Wiley & sons limited.