Sample Geology Essay Paper on Global Warming

Global warming explicitly put is the gradual rise in the earth’s temperatures above the naturally expected increase. It is a direct result of an increase in the atmospheric levels of carbon (IV) oxide and other greenhouse gases above their optimal atmospheric levels. The carbon (IV) oxide gas acts as a blanket against terrestrial radiation. The earth is an excellent conductor of heat, as such, it heats up during the day when the sun’s rays are hottest. The earth’s surface heats up and emits the same heat as terrestrial radiation. However, unlike the sun’s rays, terrestrial radiation does not leave the earth’s atmosphere. Carbon (IV) oxide blocks this radiation from escaping into auto space. This blockage makes the earth’s atmosphere experience a rise in general atmospheric temperatures. Greenhouse gases, on the other hand, are responsible for damaging the earth’s ozone layer. This layer repels the sun’s destructive rays from reaching the land. The activities of these gases deplete the protective ozone cover allowing the sun’s hotter and more damaging rays, access into the surface of the earth with debilitating effects.

The presence of global warming and its occurrence is a fact with consensus. Melting of polar ice blocks, unprecedented rise in temperatures and sea levels are enough reasons to justify its existence. The cause of global warming, however, has always been a hot topic of debate. Several scientists affiliated with the International Climate Science Coalition (ICSC) are of the opinion that it is a result of the normal earth-geological cycle that involves a rise in temperatures and cold spells such as the ice ages (“Climate Change ProCon”). On the other hand, scientists affiliated with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) are of the school of thought that the sole perpetrator of global warming is humankind (“Climate Change ProCon”). The former alludes global warming to the sun as the major contributor and greenhouse gases together with carbon (IV) oxide as miniature contributors. They cite the changing geological time scale as the cause of temperature increases. Nevertheless, the NASA affiliate scientists believe that there exists a directly proportional relationship between global warming and rise in the carbon footprint. Human activities such as the industrial revolution and the use of fuel products ballooning have preceded significant temperature increases.

Global warming is a direct threat to Mother Nature and humankind. Its effects cut across both the environment and human activities. Rising temperatures increase the amount of land under desert cover. The melting polar ice sheets mean that the habitat of animals such as the polar bear is slowly diminishing making them endangered species. The rising ocean and sea levels mean beaches are getting submerged. Global warming carries certain advantages such as a decrease in winter mortality rates during winter seasons. Rising temperatures also make farming viable in Greenland and other high latitude areas as well as increasing vegetative activity and increasing plankton biomass in these regions (Shaohong 98). On the contrary, global warming leads to an increase in flooding of lowland areas, drought, famine and diseases, increased wildfires, and submerged coastal areas. Recently, the increase in quantity and power of hurricanes can be pointed to global warming also.

Global warming is as real as the stars and accepting its existence in very critical to coming up with corrective measures. At an individual level, curbing my use of products rich in carbon and greenhouse gasses will lower the proportion of these gases in the atmosphere. Crating public awareness is also another channel that can be done individually and achieve considerable results.      

Works Cited

Climate Change (n.d.). Retrieved October 04, 2017, from

Wu, Shaohong, et al. “Pros and cons of climate change in China.” Chinese Journal of Population Resources and Environment 12.2 (2014): 95-102.