Sample Ethics Paper on Response of Black Mirror

Response of Black Mirror

The Black Mirror’s season three, episode four, also known as San Junipero showcases the story of two feminine characters, Kelly and Yorkie, caught between the concrete and virtual worlds. The episode illuminates immortality which aligns to the cyborg theory explaining that the introduction of technology into the human body increases control over what we see or think.

The cyborg represents a reduced image of both our imagination and material reality responsible for historical transformation. Considerably, Lupton (2013) asserts cyborgs are metaphorical and literal configurations of human bodies using technological capabilities. This is what is contained in the episode as the San Junipero town accords opportunity for people to imagine they can live longer. The death can live in the town while the aged can visit to exhibit their younger self. Indeed, for Kelly and Yorkie to explore the town, they have to become cyborgs. Based on the theory, cyborgs are both natural and mechanical and from the episode, we can see that people aspiring to become immortal have to incorporate technology to gain control over their bodies.

The cyborg theory claims that we can effectively control virtual realities using our minds if we become cyborgs. San Junipero town remains a place where people are capable of constructing realities and fictions relating to special life events. In my view, I feel virtual realities offer a new dimension to life. This is true according to the episode as the main characters do not fear death because they believe such an event in life will assist them reunite with their loved ones. However, I suppose we are losing our human identities when we become cyborgs. What is presented in the episode is not real though the elderly are made to believe that they can regain their younger self through technology.

In conclusion, the episode reaffirms the tenets of the cyborg theory on becoming immortal through integration of technology into the human bodies. It is factual that the virtual reality showcased in the episode offers liberating possibilities for people to conquer their fears and achieve their life goals. However, I think we need to question our human identities even as we attempt to become cyborgs.




Lupton, D. (2013). The digital cyborg assemblage:  Haraway’s cyborg theory and the new digital health technologies (preprint). In Collyer, The Handbook of Social Theory for the Sociology of Health and Medicine. Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan.