Sample Essays on The American Model of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR)

American CSR is better than international CSR


Organizations and companies that believe that they should pay back to the community subscribe to the model of corporate social responsibility (CSR). The model of CSR has been used by many firms whether an international corporation or a domestic company to empower the community in various ways. Furthermore, when it comes to the idea of CSR, one should consider two things. First, the company that offers resources and funds for meaningful social causes like donating some money or even employee time to charities and many people tends to think this as the sole role when it comes to corporate responsibility. On the other hand, there is also the CSR that encompasses getting together an actual plan about making products or even generating services that are of the best interest of the community as a whole. Having known the concepts of CSR, this paper narrows down and gives an insight though on how American CSR is better than the international CSR. In particular, tough questions of why American CSR is better than the global CSR? What do they do to edge the global CSR? More significantly, what models or concepts do the America CSR adopts to make them better than the international counterparts?

Research Overview

This research employed the use of secondary data collected from the secondary sources that pertain to the research topic. Academic websites were mainly used to gather data that could help get the information that gives much insight into the subject matter. The study entailed various secondary sources such as books, journal articles, magazines that discuss the research topic. In the process of the study, several articles were encountered, but since some were not specific and just conveyed general information about CSR, they were rejected because they could not offer the much-needed data to complete this research.

Therefore, further research on the topic presented related books, as well as articles, used in the completion of this study. For instance, the book titled Corporate Social Responsibility: A Very Short Introduction, primarily was very fundamental since it directly touches the research topic. The book states various reasons why American CSR edges that of international aspect. For instance, it states that American CSR mostly distances itself from the many government responsibilities and barely encompasses collaborates with governmental organizations as compared to the international CSR that inclines to participate through numerous policies. The google scholar database was very useful tool since it has a series of information that relates to the subject matter of the research. The part of data collection also become tough since a lot has been done on CSR but when you narrow down to the research topic, extracting specific information was very tough.

Discussion Overview

Mainly, there has been intense debate regarding whether American CSR is better than the international CSR. However, the developing debate has been bolstered by the recent development in the international CSR especially those found in Europe as well as Asian countries. The aspects of CSR in these two scenarios has been debated on the structural makeup, the model of operations, as well as the overall approach or strategy that they regard as the best when conducting the corporate responsibility.

The research reveals what some scholars feel about the hotly contested debate about the issue of CSR. Therefore, various sources give an insightful look at the topic and give information that is very useful. Just as seen in the sources, the two parties in the debate mainly focus on the shareholder concept and the stakeholder theory. The champions of the stakeholder concept support the provisions of the discretionary anticipations of the society. Alternatively, the proponents of the shareholders concept maintain that the business just conforms to the law as well as maximize the wealth on the shareholder. The study reveals that even though several social progressives have enthusiastically embraced the CSR, it has never been a panacea for the communities’ ills. Marten and Moon (2008) article supports that the research topic where vast arguments have been presented to advocate for the American concept of CSR. Furthermore, Gjølberg, M. (2009) articles support the research topic by giving structural differences as what makes American CSR edge that of the international counterpart. On the other hand, the Jamali’s work refutes the claim and provides numerous evidence to support why another international CSR has reinvigorated to be the best.

Annotated Bibliography

Moon, J. (2014).Corporate Social Responsibility: A Very Short Introduction. New York: Oxford University Press.

Jeremy Moon in his compares the aspects of CSR in American and on the international level with examples drawn from the European nations such as the UK, Sweden, Finland, France, and many other states.  He proceeds to state that even though the leading companies in Europe have adopted the practice as well as language of CSR, they do uphold the distinctive aspects and bring new dynamics to CSR regarding American. Therefore, he notes there are fundamental differences between the CSR in American with the international arena. These differences make American have an edge in the CSR as compared with the international perspective. First, he states that American CSR inclines to accentuate on the essential values of the CSR whereas other international countries CSR places more attention on the broad stakeholders relations as well as integration with strategy. Second, the American CSR gives comparatively more prominence to the society sphere than the international CSR especially the European nations that tend to accentuate more on the marketplace, workplace, as well as the environmental sphere. Furthermore, he states that the American CSR tends to be more focused on the domestic issues instead of the international matters. Where an international issue exists, more concerns are placed on human rights instead of transparency and climate change for instance. Finally, Moon states that American CSR is more of Company-oriented than the international counterparts are where several CSR notions and practical projects depict the multi-actor partnerships, as well as business association, works. Where American firms employ the collective strategies, then these incline to be more of being standards instead of partnerships.

Matten, D., & Moon, J. (2008). “Implicit” and “Explicit” CSR: a conceptual framework for a comparative understanding of corporate social responsibility. Academy of Management Review, 33(2), 404-424.

Marten and Moon (2008) article primarily compares the American CSR perspectives as well as in the international scope such as in Europe and other Asian nations to develop a better understanding of the two scenarios and reach some definitive inferences about the case. In this particular, the two scholars address the question of why and how CSR differs in many countries and why and how it changes. Furthermore, they give their insights on why they feel the American CSR perspective somewhat have an edge compared to the international CSR. In attaining this particular objective of the study, they executive two schools of thoughts where they use the institutional theory where they conceptualize the dissimilarities between American CSR and the international level, and second, they conceptualize on the recent developments in ASA and Europe CSR. Moreover, they delineate the potential of their framework for other application to some parts of the universal economy. They establish that the American CSR philosophy makes them have some slight advantage over the international CSR perspective.

Pillay, R. (2015). The Changing Nature of Corporate Social Responsibility: CSR and Development. London: Routledge.

Pillay work shows many insights in the CSR question. She demonstrates the much-needed development that CSR has been able to bring to the society at the international level when organizations plan good work. In the book, she employs a case study to expound on the matter and shows that global CSR stands a better chance to bring more to the people.

Gjølberg, M. (2009). Measuring the immeasurable? Constructing an index of CSR practices and CSR performance in 20 countries. Scandinavian Journal of Management, 25(1), 10-22.

Presuming that the firm’s institutional environment concerns to its CSR approach, this article of Gjølberg intends to play a role in the establishment of a better structurally as well as a comparatively oriented framework for evaluating CSR. Therefore, the material encompasses two parameters: one gauging CSR practices while the other measures CSR performance in twenty nations. The index reveals vast differences between CSR in American other countries and basically, the structural differences accounts for what is observed between the nations used in the study.

Jamali, D. (2012). CSR in the Middle East: Fresh Perspectives. New York: Springer.

This book explores the practice of CSR on the international level especially in the Middle East makes some bold findings of the study. The author examines how the deep-entrenched customary of generosity, as well as philanthropy in the Arab culture, has played a huge role in reinvigorating the aspects of CSR and terms it as the best since it has institutionalized types of giving and encouraged through advances relating to CSR.