Sample English Paper on Immigration in Canada

Immigration in Canada

Canada is a sovereign state in North America, and it is located in northern U.S. It is the second largest country in the world, only behind Russia. The state is known worldwide for its vast untouched landscape, multifaceted history, as well as a magnificent blend of cultures. Additionally, it is one of the wealthiest nations in the globe and is a significant tourist attraction. Although significant differences exist between Canada and her neighbor to the south, the United States of America, technologically and economically, the two countries share a lot of similarities. One major resemblance regards the contentious issue of immigration (Beine & Coulombe, 2018). Currently, Canada is the world’s top immigration destination with over 270,000 making their way into the country every year to take advantage of its progressive immigration system as well as its strong economy since it is a developed country (Hiebert, 2016). This paper discusses the economic, social, and humanitarian factors to be considered when making changes to its immigration policy to allow more immigrants into the country.

Background

Canada is a developed country with a $1.640 trillion GDP. It borders the U.S to the south and shares a maritime border with the autonomous country of Greenland. In this case, a developed country refers to a sovereign state which has a highly developed economic and technical infrastructure and with high living standards. It is noted that the country encompasses a sparse population since most of its land is forested. Moreover, Canada is highly urbanized and boasts to more than 82% of its population of 35.15 million people living in its cities (Beine & Coulombe, 2018). The country boasts of a low unemployment rate of 5.8% as of January 2018 hence showing that it has ample employment opportunities (Beine & Coulombe, 2018).

The social stratification of Canada shows that its population is comprised of several races and thirty-three ethnic groups, with the Whites being the majority. However, this social stratification is further divided into three social classes: the lower class, the middle, and the upper classes. Currently, the country experiences significant immigration with most contemporary immigrants coming from Asian countries. Over the last five decades, Canada drafted policies which were welcoming of immigrants; however, in modern times, these policies have been revised to curb illegal immigration into the country and also to ensure that the people who migrate to the country are beneficial to its economy (Beine & Coulombe, 2018). Hence, it can be ascertained that the country has not yet experienced the negative impacts of immigration. However, effective control of immigration as well as implementation of efficient policies can enable the country to reap from contemporary immigration.

The Economic, Social and Humanitarian Factors to Be Considered

Economic Factors to Be Considered

Immigrants add to the labor pool. Virtually most economists ascertain that immigration increases the wealth of Canada because it adds to the country’s labor force. However, despite the mentioned benefit, it is imperative to ascertain the type of immigrants who enter the nation. In a given country it is possible that some labor is in more demand than another and that its availability can help steer the economy of the country. In that case, if this type of labor is lacking, the next plausible action to take is to import it from the countries in which it is highly available. Having progressive immigration policies helps Canada to access the labor it needs and ensures efficient matching of skills with jobs as well as greater occupational specialization  as well as (Hiebert, 2016).

It has been ascertained that there is a positive correlation between entrepreneurship and immigration. Contemporary studies show that immigrants contribute greatly to the pool of entrepreneurs in developed countries. In this case, the Canadian government should consider the entrepreneurial aspect of immigration and hence come up with a policy that encourages established entrepreneurs to move to Canada. It should also and come up with ventures that contribute to the economy and reduce the issue of unemployment, which is a growing problem in the country (Chiu et al., 2016). Lastly, studies show that immigrants are at the forefront of ingenuity and innovation as is seen in the high number of patent filings as well as the senior positions held by immigrants in high tech companies. Hence, by having relevant and efficient immigration policies, the Canadian government can reap the innovation, which is correlated with immigration (Cao & Poy, 2015).

Lastly, it is ascertained that immigration improves the country’s fiscal position. This scenario is caused by the fact that immigrants pay more taxes than what they consume with respect to the value of government services (Wang & Kwak, 2015). However, natives in regions with high concentrations of unskilled and uneducated immigrants bear more tax burden since they pay less tax and are bound to take their children to public schools (Chiu et al., 2016). Hence, having immigrants who contribute positively to the fiscal position of the government should be a factor to consider.

Social Factors

Social factors of immigration to be considered entail having a multicultural society thus diversity. Multi-culturalism encompasses having different cultures living productively with each other (Beine & Coulombe, 2018). This approach has the benefit of improving the conditions of living of people and the happiness index in the country. Moreover, it has been known to improve the beauty of a country, especially during cultural functions and festivals and hence is a factor that can boost tourism (Hiebert, 2016). Diversity, on the contrary, is brought about by the fact that different societies have different ways of thinking and approaching life. Therefore, immigration helps to bring different people together and hence improve the nation (Cao & Poy, 2015).

Graph 1: Immigration in Canada

Source: (Canada immigration dept.)

Humanitarian Factors to Be Considered

The humanitarian factors to be considered entail offering refuge to individuals who flee conflict regions and the aspect of reuniting families. It should be noted that some regions, such as Syria, are faced with armed conflicts from time to time, thus making them inhabitable. Consequently, it is imperative for countries that enjoy peace to extend their hospitality to the affected citizens by allowing them to immigrate into them. In contrast, family reunification encompasses scenarios whereby a family member has attained Canadian citizenship while the rest the rest have not. It is prudent to have policies that allow the persons’ immediate family to reunite with him/her to preserve the family unit (D’Aoust, 2017).

Chart 1: Growth of Visible Minorities in Canada

Source: (Canada immigration dept.)

A Recommendation of the Most Important Factor to Be Considered

From the above postulation, the most important factor to consider is the economic factor behind immigration. Essentially, Canada is a sovereign state whose main goal is to preserve the dignity of and provide a conducive environment for its citizens. As such, the nation should consider the immigration that encompasses the highest benefits for its government and citizens above the others. Therefore, the nation should prioritize the economic benefit of immigration when devising its immigration policy.

References

Beine, M., & Coulombe, S. (2018). Immigration and Internal Mobility in Canada. Journal of Population Economics, 31(1), 69-106. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00148-017-0645-0

Cao, H., & Poy, V. (2015). The China challenge: Sino-Canadian relations in the 21st century (p. 344). University of Ottawa Press/Les Presses de l’Universitéd’ Ottawa.

Chiu, M., Lebenbaum, M., Lam, K., Chong, N., Azimaee, M., Iron, K., … & Guttmann, A. (2016). Describing The Linkages Of The Immigration, Refugees And Citizenship Canada Permanent Resident Data And Vital Statistics Death Registry To Ontario’s Administrative Health Database. BMC medical informatics and decision making, 16(1), 135. https://bmcmedinformdecismak.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12911-016-0375-3

D’Aoust, A. M. (2017). Spouse and Partner Immigration to Canada: History and Current Issues in Canadian Immigration Policy. Centre de Rechercheen immigration, ethnicité etcitoyenneté (CRIEC).

Hiebert, D. (2016). The Resilience of Immigration what’s so Special about Canada? Understanding and Multiculturalism. Migration Policy Institute. http://www.migration4development.org/sites/default/files/tcm-trust-canada-final_1.pdf

Wang, L., & Kwak, M. J. (2015). Immigration, Barriers To Healthcare And Transnational Ties: A Case Study Of South Korean Immigrants in Toronto, Canada. Social Science &Medicine, 133, 340-348. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0277953614007710