The Origin and Spread of HIV/AIDS
The mystery surrounding the origin and spread of HIV and AIDS has a wide explanation that getting the true account on whose theory is true becomes difficult. AIDS is believed to have been in existence from as early as 1969 through from an account of a young 15-year old African boy who was diagnosed with a disease that had weakened his immune system, after the death of the boy, the researchers branded the diseases that had lowered the boys immune system as the first account of HIV/AIDS (Jenkins, 5). As time went by more instances that led to death of patients were recorded and that is what is believed to be instances when AIDS gained root into the country since description of the symptoms and circumstances that led to the deaths of this individuals that proved difficult for researchers to comprehend.
In the years preceding the case of 1969, similar cases were reported in different parts of the world with each country recording a number of individuals who were believed to have acquired the virus that causes AIDS. By the year 1983, the World Health Organization (WHO) had recorded close to 10 million individuals who had received the HIV virus globally and a further predicted 3 Million to be reported five years from then.
The circumstances that led to spread of HIV and AIDS had a long standing effect on the economies of the world as there were travel restrictions of individuals from countries where severe HIV cases were reported (Jenkins, 10). The most notable restriction was the travel advisory on entering the United States in 1987 which was later put into law in 1993 citing the significance of public health and protection against communicable disease under the immigration Act.
As the spread of the disease gained root in the world, it was declared that December 1st was to be a world’s AIDS day where medical professionals and social workers were asked to advice couples on the prevention measures of HIV as each and everyone was exposed to the virus. There were also materials spread around to increase awareness of HIV and AIDS as a killer disease. By the 1994, AIDS was identified as the world’s leading cause of death of adults between the ages of 20-50 accounting for close to 15 million people of the global population (Jenkins, 19).Measures to find the cure of HIV AIDS proved futile due to the nature of the virus that researchers found cruel to comprehend. However the researchers found out that there were ways of reducing the risks of the mother to child spread of the disease through the AZT and births through the Caesarean section.
The origin of AIDS received another twisted account when in 1999 a researcher from the United States asserted that the original source of the virus causing AIDS was a chimpanzee found in West Central Africa which might have been transmitted to humans during hunting and gathering exposing the virus from the animal to human beings blood. Another account of AIDS that individuals found to be misleading was the case in South Africa which stated that having sexual intercourse with a virgin could cure AIDS an assertion that contributed to increased cases of rape and incest in the world. By the 2003 it was anticipated that the AIDS menace would contribute to a reduction of the world’s population by half a billion by the year 2050. However a reprieve for the AIDS patients was announced when a biotechnology company presented a vaccine for AIDS which was found to reduce the infection rate significantly (Jenkins, 6). A new clinical trial in 2009 showed increased measures to prevent the spread of the HIV virus in women.
Jenkins, Sharron K. Aids: Education and Prevention. Bloomington: AuthorHouse, 2009. Print.