Sample English Essay Paper on Say no to Genetically Modified Foods

Say No to Genetically Modified Foods

Genetically Modified Foods (GMOs), also known as genetically engineered foods, refer to organisms whose genetic material has been manipulated artificially through genetic engineering (Forman, 2010). Presently, most GM foods available are from plants, but in the coming generation, foods derived from animals or microorganisms will be available in the market. The next generation should not use genetically modified foods because genes in GMOs may cause a human health risk, and chemicals used to treat these plants have negative effects on human health. For instance, soya beans are genetically engineered to resist spray that kills all weeds and other plants in the farm. As a result, GMOs have traces of these poisonous chemicals that have a negative effect on human health. Studies indicate that some of the pesticides used have a strong correlation with skin and visual irritations, disturbances in the nervous system, and some level of cancer (Forman, 2010).

Secondly, genetically modified foods negatively affect the environment. This is caused by strong chemical fertilizers, pesticides, and herbicides used in the farms. These chemicals contaminate the environment by causing air pollution, and leaching into the soil to cause water pollution. This has also made some weeds to become resistant, implying that the next generation will not be able to control noxious plants. Pollen from genetically modified crops is carried by wind to neighboring farm fields causing cross-contamination between seed stock and pollen from genetically modified foods. This results in a decline in the biodiversity of crop strains. Furthermore, the population of insects can also be affected by pesticides produced by genetically modified crops. GM crops are poisonous to an organism in the environment, resulting in decreased numbers or death of that organism.

GM foods are most likely to affect the food chain of the ecosystem in the future. In biology, genes are grouped together; the genes in that group are modified from one generation to the other. Consequently, the unanticipated genetic variety may cause death of the species in the group. Individuals have fear that the death of plant species would kill many predators that feed on this plant, damaging the entire ecosystem. Based on the fact that genetically modified foods are modified using viruses and bacteria, there is fear that the next generation may suffer from diseases caused by this.

Some GMOs can cause an allergy in human beings. GM technology uses genes that may be taken from food that result in allergies in some individuals. The consumption of GM foods may cause some allergic reactions (Tzotzos, Hull & Head, 2009). This occurs because the process of developing GMOs entails the sharing or splitting of genes between one organism and the other. For instance, if there is an appropriate characteristic in organism A, it can be extracted and installed in organism B, and this will make both organisms to have the desired quality. The problem takes place when an allergic person to organism A ingests organism B, which causes several probable health effects.

Everyone should say no to GMOs for our next generation because these foods are not labeled. Presently, Food and Drug Administration in the United States does not require companies to label GMOs (Tzotzos, Hull & Head, 2009). This implies that consumers are not aware whether they are buying genetically modified food. It is up to the consumer to select goods that are not genetically modified by looking at the seal keenly, otherwise one may be consuming GMOs that have adverse negative impacts.

References

Forman, L. (2010). Genetically modified foods. Edina, Minn.: ABDO Pub.

Tzotzos, G., Hull, R., & Head, G. (2009). Genetically modified plants. Amsterdam: Elsevier/Academic Press.