Sample Education Paper on Political participation: Parties and interest groups

Free College Education

Free college education would play a crucial role in helping increasing the rate of graduation. The National Centre for Education study states that graduation rate has increased from 49% to 56% from 2008 to 2016 due to free college education. Hence, the free college education will improve society, widen the workforce and increase equality. Therefore, making college education free will increase overall economic success and provide the ability to improve society.

A free college education will improve society through various reasons. If more individuals are educated, they are able to solve problems in society. A college education equips students with skills and knowledge that can be implemented to solve challenges in society. Some of the skills that individuals gain include, effective communication and critical thinking. People with college degrees can solve problems, such as inequality, poverty, and climate change. In addition, individuals with degrees, people are able to collaborate with others. For instance, in college students interact with people from all backgrounds and they are able to learn about each other’s cultures. Hence, individuals can work together to solve the issue in society. Another reason why free education will improve society since more people will access higher-wage job opportunities. Recently, people with college degrees are more likely to get high-paying jobs. If college education is free more people will have jobs, which improves society. For instance, there will be an increase in social mobility since students from low-income families can get jobs. Moreover, people with a degree are more likely to start their own businesses. In addition, if students have no debts they are more likely to possess more resources that will encourage them to start a business. Thus, there will be more job opportunities which will boost the economy. Markedly, free college education will improve society as students will focus more due to a lack of financial stress. In most American families, the cost of tuition fees has been a challenge. For instance, in 2018 there was an increase of $270 as compared to 2017 (Mitchell et al., 2019). Notably, most families strain on finances due to spending more money on college tuition fees. Thus, most students from low-income families fail to focus in school as they are stressed about finances. Thus, if college education is free, students will focus more on their academics. Notably, if students put more effort in their careers, they will be more prepared for their future careers. Thus, free education will play an important role in improving society.

Another important aspect of a free college education is that it improves the economy. For instance, students are able to spend their money freely without student debt. In this aspect, the money that individuals would have spent on tuition fees is used for other purposes, which improves the economy.  For instance, students can use the money to invest in a business and create job opportunities. Hence, students will spend freely without the stress of paying off student loans. Also, people will save more if they are free from student debts. If education is free, the money will circulate, which will boost the economy. Additionally, a free college education will improve the economy since people with degrees have better earnings. Individuals with degrees are more likely to own homes and buy cars since they are financially stable, which fosters economic growth. The Bureau of Labor Statistics states that the unemployment rate for those without a degree was 4% in 2019 (Kaufman et al., 2020). Thus, the rate is double as compared to those who have degrees (Kaufman et al., 2020). In addition, a free college education will boost the economy since graduates are more likely to earn more money as compared to those without. For instance, in 2019, the median weekly earnings was $712 for people with no college certificates (Erickcek, 2019). On the other hand, people with degrees had a median weekly earnings of $1173 (Erickcek, 2019). College graduates improve the economy as they are less likely to depend on assistance programs for basic needs (Denning et al., 2019).  President Biden has played a key role in improving the economy due to the introduction of the free college tuition program (Shapiro & Yoder, 2021). Hence, there are more people who are able to access college education and they have better opportunities in the workforce.  A free college education will improve the economy through taxes. For instance, if more people are employed, the government will generate taxes from their earnings (Ashbee, 2020). Additionally, the money that people would have spent on tuition fees will be used in other aspects, such as purchases, which increases the taxes. Therefore, a free college education will boost the economy.

Widening the workforce is another aspect of the free college education. Notably, people with college degrees have job security and are more likely to be given longer contracts. In addition, people with degrees are more likely to secure new jobs if they lose their old ones. In companies, people with college certificates are promoted and their salary increases. Hence, if more people get an education the workforce will keep improving. Moreover, a free college education will widen the workforce through global upskilling. In this aspect, students in colleges and universities are equipped with skills that they can implement in their future careers. This knowledge helps individuals to thrive in the competitive job market. On the other hand, there are training programs at work that foster upskilling. Notably, upskilling reduces the rate of unemployment as individuals are equipped with skills to use in the workforce (Patel, 2020). Furthermore, upskilling is essential due to the rapid change in the business world. Over the years, technology has developed tremendously. Thus, it is important for the workforce to receive fresh graduates who are equipped with better skills. Also, the widened workforce improves the global economy. Hence, a free college education will widen the workforce.

A free college education will eradicate inequality in terms of accessing quality education. Most people from low-income families fail to pursue education due to finances. For instance, college tuition fees is too expensive and some students opt to drop out. Apart from tuition, there are other costs associated with a college education, such as room and board. In addition, people from humble backgrounds may lack access to information on college information and resources. For example, they may not know how to navigate through the financial aid and college application process. On the other hand, students who are not financially stable may have challenges coping with academics since they have to work while studying and end up not succeeding in college. A study by Denisa and Amy proves that free college tuition programs increased the rate of enrollment among Hispanic and Blacks. Notably, the study was conducted at the University of Illinois and the University of Michigan (Denisa & Amy, 2020). The authors state that free college education can eliminate racial disparities in the education system. Similarly, the program reduced income inequality since more people are able to secure jobs. A free college education will help to reduce the mental health issues of students from humble backgrounds. Students who have huge debts find it a challenge to pay them off. Hence, they end up stressing about how they will get funds, which leads to mental health issues. Some reported issues from students with huge debts include, anxiety, and depression. Also, some students are worried about how their interests keeps accruing. Students fail to focus on their academics due to mental health issues. Therefore, free education will play a vital role in eliminating inequality in the education system.

However, a free college education may have a negative impact on certain aspects. Citizens will have to pay more taxes for all students to be accommodated in higher education. Most people who struggle to make ends meet will find the taxes a burden. In addition, with a free college education, more individuals will be enrolled in schools. Notably, the cost of education will increase and the government will have to pay for all the students. Hence, citizens will have the burden to pay more taxes. A college education will no longer have value if it is free (Rapanta et al., 2021). For instance, there will be more students crowding in the classrooms. Additionally, resources will be limited due a large number of learners. If education is free, some institutions may have less funding, which will contribute to cuts in essential resources. Markedly, it will not be an accomplishment to have a college certificate. Employers will no longer value graduate candidates and they may find it a challenge to secure job opportunities. Moreover, if education is free some people may not find it valuable and they may choose not to go. Free education may be unfair to students with loans. For instance, people who studied in the past and have huge debts may find the programs unfair since they are struggling to pay off the loans. Another major disadvantage is that there will be an increase in the number of graduates. However, the workforce may fail to accommodate them all. Thus, this can lead to a high number of people with college certificates but no jobs. Notably, the job market will be competitive as more people have skills required for certain jobs. Therefore, a free college education is essential but it may have a negative impact.

Thus, a free education will improve society and the economy. More people will access job opportunities, which will improve their social mobility. Additionally, free education will foster a widened workforce and eradicate inequality in the education system. Hence, if the student debt is removed more people will attain higher education.

 

 

 

References

Ashbee, E. (2020). Political participation: Parties and interest groups. In US politics today (fourth edition) (pp. 162-196). Manchester University Press.

Denisa, G, & Amy, L. (2020). Campaign for Free College Tuition. Free College Tuition Programs Dramatically Increase Black and Hispanic Enrollment. https://www.freecollegenow.org/free_college_tuition_programs_dramatically_increase_black_and_hispanic_enrollment

Denning, J. T., Marx, B. M., & Turner, L. J. (2019). ProPelled: The effects of grants on graduation, earnings, and welfare. American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, 11(3), 193-224.

Erickcek, G. A. (2019). Earnings and Career Advancement Possibilities for Low-Wage Workers. Economic Development Quarterly, 33(2), 71-75.

Kaufman, J. A., Salas-Hernández, L. K., Komro, K. A., & Livingston, M. D. (2020). Effects of increased minimum wages by unemployment rate on suicide in the USA. J Epidemiol Community Health, 74(3), 219-224.

Mitchell, M., Leachman, M., Masterson, K., & Waxman, S. (2018). Unkept promises: State cuts to higher education threaten access and equity.

Patel, A. (2020). What kind of post COVID-19 Recovery? Unpacking the World Economic Forum’s Reset 2021 report. Latin American Report, 36(1), 1-5.

Rapanta, C., Botturi, L., Goodyear, P., Guàrdia, L., & Koole, M. (2021). Balancing technology, pedagogy and the new normal: Post-pandemic challenges for higher education. Postdigital Science and Education, 3(3), 715-742.

Shapiro, R., & Yoder, I. (2021). The Impact of a National Program of Free Tuition at Public Community Colleges and Free Tuition for Most Students at Public Four-Year Colleges and Universities on College Enrollments, Graduations, and the Economy.