Traditional Theory of Learning
The major concerns of behaviorism theory of learningare observable behaviors. Learning is defined by behavior theorists as the acquiring of new behavior depending on the conditions of the environment.
The strengths of this theory include: behaviorism depends upon observable behaviors as a result; it becomes easier to collect information and data when carrying out research. Based on the fact that research and experiments are vital tools in giving evidences and explanations on a particular phenomenon, early theorists focused on coming up with studies of observable behaviors.
One of the Weaknesses is thatbehaviorism is not concerned with other types of learning; particularly learning that takes place without the use of punishment and reinforcement. Learning capabilities and human behavior are accredited to the impacts of external factors that act as punishers or reinforcers. Secondly, opponents of this theory argue that behaviorism is a one-dimensional approach does not put into consideration internal; influences for instance feelings, thoughts, and moods.
Cognitive theories trust in learning that entails the use of integrating events into an active storage system that is made up of schemata.This approach is mainly concerned with inner mental activities that help in understanding how people learn. Mental processes like problem-solving, knowing, memory and thinking are to be explored. In this theory, learning activities contribute to the intellectual development of the learner.One of the strengths of this theory is that it is easy to approach and evaluate overtlearning of high-level cognitive skills.Secondly, it is a recommended basis for elementary level. One of the weaknesses of this theory is that it is restricted to teacher only. This implies that it is the teacher’s knowledge that students learn. Secondly, because most activities are dictated by the level of progress of every individual learner, the teacher spends a lot of time on each learner.