Sample Ecology Essay Paper on Environmental Management Problem

Environmental Management Problem

SECTION ONE

Introduction

The training process was very effective with meticulous training on sustainability, air emissions, waste management, BeAAT, 3R’s, NORM and WWTP. These topics are essential for environmental management and conservation and they took up to 14 weeks of study with our core aim being the identification of the solutions to problems that emanate in the field right from the problem of air pollution to those of environmental waste management.

The first problem that I faced was the problem of limitation of time due to the work load that I had in this task. Moreover, the supervisor had limited time to review my findings. The work load that I have is quite wide therefore, this research simply required meticulous study and the ability to analyse the work that I was supposed to be doing. The study needed more time and sufficient research in order to avoid the inconsistent results that might have sufficed in the course of the study. Therefore, there is supposed to be an increment in the job training time in order to achieve the desired results from the training exercise – skill enhancement.

Secondly, I faced the problem of the inability of opportunities to visit some sites that include BeAAT and the waste water treatment plants. This would have been instrumental in achieving real time study and gaining the practical skills which include viewing the sites and obtaining the results learnt through theory in reality. Therefore, it is vital to provide a practical aspect of the training through viewing the metrics and implementing the strategies thereof.

Finally, there was the problem of the registration of wrong values by different divisions that sparked off some inconsistent result during the training exercise. This posed a problem and this division had to re – examine their data in order to ascertain if the data they had was the acceptable value needed. However, the training exercise was effective and much was learnt concerning environmental conservation, sustainability, management of toxic waste and air emissions.

SECTION TWO

Environmental Management Problem Research Proposal

Literature Review

This literature review covers both the overhaul of the annual sustainability data computation and compilation, and the problem paused by the emission of ozone in the atmosphere.

Annual sustainability data computation

The problem of compilation of information and big data management systems with regards to the collection of data poses as a problem everywhere in the world and it takes the effort of big data managers to come up with software that can handle the entire package and produce conclusive results. The software derived therein would be instrumental in automating the calculation for the values therein as presented by systems such as SPSS and computer programmable tools. Individual calculation takes time especially when the data involved is huge and very involving.

In recent times systems have been developed to solve the problem that sets in as a result of management of the computation and the wide data that is collected from annual data computation report. In the past, the data collection was manual, however, in recent times, the methods and processes have changed to include the use of software and robots in the management of the processes and computational operations involved therein. Most of the recent developments involve the use of such software as SPSS and computer programs to mitigate these problems that suffice in the event of big data management. Interestingly, data collection can also be done by the use of robots and drones, but these developments are expensive and mostly involve the input of large range of data which is in the context of large organizations.

Ozone gas emission problem to the environment

Moreover, the problem of ozone emission in the environment, either directly or indirectly also poses the challenge to environmental health and human welfare and development. Volatile organic compounds and nitrogen oxides poses a problem of depletion of the ozone layer and the subsequent formation of chlorofluorocarbon gases. Acid rain and skin cancer is highly associated with the depletion of the ozone layer. The best way of tackling the problem due to the destruction caused to the ozone layer would be with respect to the introduction of Leakage Detection and Repair (LDAR).

According to Ian Rankin, the act of polluting the environment is negligence and kills an ocean. The problem of environmental pollution and ozone emission has been there for ages. Nations have taken many measures in a bid to scrap off the vice and make the world an environmentally safe place. The diverse effects of poor volatile organic compound (VOC) management are best broadcasted by looking at the various effects such as acid rain, increase in global warming, death to marine life and increased air pollution. In the year 1994 the president of the United States William Clinton signed a Federal Action which was order 12898 which was meant to address environmental pollution that results in minority populations and those who receive low income in the United States (Vile, 2010, p.33). This Order was meant to provide justice for the purpose of lobbying for environmental safety.

The regulation by OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration) has been effective in reducing ozone layer depletion by increasing waste management measures that involves the management of the volatile organic compounds and nitrogen oxides (Oversight of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, 1988). The greatest problem there is, today in the American government pollution is caused by the Power Plants when releasing the carbon from the plants to the environment. In August 2014, President Barrack Obama announced his aggressive plan to reduce the emission of carbon to the environmental air by the United States power plants (Davenport, 2014, p. 33). However the Supreme Court Blocked his aggressive attempts.

Volatile organic compounds and nitrogen oxides are some of the most dangerous forms of ozone layer depletion methods. Volatile organic compounds refer to a group of chemicals that are carbon based with a characteristic of first evaporation into the atmosphere at room temperature. These organic compounds therefore, simply have vapour pressure that is considered to be too high at room temperature (Koppmann, 2007, p. 18). In 2015 Volkswagen Company recalled or bought back 500, 000 of their cars affected because of a slight misinterpretation of their carbon emission values and an overall recall of 800, 0000 vehicles across the globe. These are examples of constructive measures being taken against environmental pollution which should be adopted by all companies for the good of all (Saarinen, 2016). The social responsibility of organizations to the environment includes reducing their possible emission of volatile organic compounds to the environment and nitrogen oxides which cause destruction to the ozone layer.

Ozone gas emission whether directly or indirectly in the form of volatile organic compounds is an issue that raises eyebrows. This is because despite the joint efforts to curb carbon and ozone emissions to the environment there has always been cases of ozone emission to the atmospheric air either directly or indirectly: indirectly in the form of volatile organic compounds and nitrogen oxides and directly in the form of ozone gas. Moreover, in industries having high concentration of carbon emissions the management of volatile organic compounds and nitrogen emissions become a problem because of the poor culture of management of such gases and lack of the capacity to adhere to laws and regulations instilled by the government in order to curb global warming and carbon emissions.

The best measures that have been derived so far as ozone gas emissions and sustainability is concerned involves the burning of non – biodegradable wastes in incinerators or the recycling of these volatile organic compounds to avoid pollution caused to the environment. This proposal is aimed at addressing the problem of ozone emissions directly or indirectly in the form of volatile organic compounds and nitrogen oxides at the site of our training outlining the methodology used and the discussion on the expected results of the data collection. The proposal is aimed at conducting a research on ways of mitigating the problem of computing the annual sustainability data through introduction of software that can mitigate the problem of inconsistent values and the huge volume of data that is to be calculated during the training.

Problem Statement

This research proposal is meant to address two problems; the problem of ozone emissions to the environment causing depletion of the ozone layer and the problem of the computation and compilation of data during the computation of annual sustainability report. In view of the environmental degradation and the incidence of diseases that might suffice due to ozone emissions – skin cancer and global warming – it is instrumental to conserve the environment through the addressing of environmental sustainability and proper disposal of volatile organic compounds (Metz, 2005, p.51).

The government should come in handy in assisting through environmental conservation strategies including the institution of laws that are meant to prohibit poor sustainability and release of ozone gas to the environment either directly or indirectly. This research proposal also seeks to increase the efficacy of data management during annual sustainability computation and the management of the ozone gas released to the environment through the in depth analysis of the systems that are currently in place.

Methodology

This section also covers the methodology to be employed by this research proposal with regards to the data collection during the computation of the annual sustainability report and the problem of the depletion of the ozone layer through the emission of volatile organic compounds and nitrogen oxides.

Methodology employed due to ozone layer depletion

Data collection method to be employed is through the use of direct personal interviews on ways of mitigating pollutants particularly volatile organic compounds and nitrogen oxides and the effectiveness of current systems that are in place. The direct interviews are chosen in order to give direct personal contact with the respondents to facilitate accuracy of the information received. Equally important, is an analysis of the role of the employees in organizations in relation to pollution, particularly, those pollutants that lead to the emission of ozone in the form of nitrogen oxides and volatile organic compounds.

Issuing of both closed and open ended questionnaires will be important in reaching out to all respondents adding to the critical nature of the data collection. The indirect questionnaires will serve in giving the respondents an opportunity to give their views regarding their role as employees in their respective organizations with regards to management of carbon emissions to the environment.  Observation of the effectiveness of the systems of management of volatile organic compounds and nitrogen oxides will be significant in assessing the efficacy of the personnel but ensuring that the data collected is accurate with respect to the observations made at the site.

Methodology employed due to inconsistency of data in sustainability report

In the context of inconsistent data, it is important to identify the causes of inconsistency and establish the systems that are currently in place by other organizations and institutions of employment. There is need, likewise, to come up with a software program that is aimed at increasing the efficacy of handling the annual sustainability report data. This can only be achieved by interacting with the important personnel in the industry who are the main systems developers and establish the right ways of mitigating the problems of inconsistency in data collection and the best software that can assist in

Discussion

The depletion of the ozone layer due to nitrogen oxide and VOC’s emission

Industrial poor sustainability and poor management of nitrogen oxides including volatile organic compounds programs are the main causative agents of environmental pollution and degradation. Organizations, for example, power plants produce lots of carbon dioxide to the atmospheric air producing adverse effects on the environment. Particularly gruesome, are those companies dealing in the process of manufacturing thus releasing greenhouse gases into the environment leading to greenhouse effects. The government ought to step up and identify the input of companies with regards to carbon emissions in the form of volatile organic compounds or nitrogen oxides.

Moreover the place of the government would be in ensuring that these companies adhere to the carbon emission goals that have been set. Ozone gas is another depleting factor that destroys the ozone layer together with carbon dioxide causing skin cancer and global warming. Such detrimental effects are huge and slowly destroy our ecosystem (Sautter, 2010). The management of the volatile organic compounds and nitrogen oxides would be instrumental in reducing the ozone emissions to the environment.

This proposal also addresses the concept of data management in environmental conservation and the ozone level build up in general. The ecosystem is composed of species that interdepend on each other for survival. The food chain requires each species to be conscious of their surroundings. The toxicity caused to plants and the aquatic life in terms of acid rain is a red flag.

In the disposal of plastics, there has to be systems that are put in place to ensure that volatile organic compounds are not carelessly disposed for health reasons and aesthetic value of the ecosystem is put in check. Moreover, the poor tactics of management of carbon emissions resulting into the build-up of ozone gas in the form of volatile organic compounds should be eliminated in a bid to stop the damage caused to the ozone layer.

Unhealthy workers lack the ability of focusing energy on the job towards the achievement of the set goals and objectives. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) has set up standards for companies regarding the safety and health of employees in an organization. It is thus instrumental for organizations to abide by the rules as set by OSHA. Safeguarding the ozone layer plays an important role through abiding by the regulations set by OSHA. Governmental support should rally behind non – governmental organizations responsible for safety of the environment such as OSHA, UNEP, just to mention a few.

The computation of annual sustainability report

            The problem of management of big data along with the computation has been rampant not only, in learning institutions but also, in organizations that manage large data. Therefore, the efficacy of data management can best be handled by the implementation of efficient big data management systems such as the use of SPSS and computer programming software.

Expected outcomes

This proposal is meant to establish better ways of management of both volatile organic compounds and nitrogen oxides in order to avoid the destruction caused to the ozone layer. Further, the proposal is aimed at understanding the reasons for inconsistent results while handling the data in order to establish the annual sustainability report and address them in light of coming up with long term strategies meant to bring about lasting positive effects. This most likely includes the support of the government and other non – governmental organizations in the insistence on environmental conservation and sustainability.

Therefore, this proposal is meant to bring change by identifying the miss ups in environmental conservation particularly the management of volatile organic compounds and nitrogen oxides to avoid the build-up of ozone gas. Moreover, proper management of carbon emission in the industries has the effect of reducing chlorofluorocarbon gases released to the environment. This leads to a reduction in acid rain, reduced depletion of the ozone layer, reduced global warming and no skin cancer. Environmental performance in my organization can be best analysed through sustainability and the management of ozone emissions.

Sustainability

Sustainability refers to system endurance. To sustain the environment means to facilitate the longevity of the environment through the avoidance of the destruction caused to the environment in the form of ozone gas or otherwise (Freedman and Jaggi, 2010, p. 45). Environmental sustainability in an organization can only be achieved through the accuracy of systems that are installed in a particular organization. For example, through the quick response systems such as the reporting of difficulties and wrong values that are registered by different divisions.

The government in setting the laws and standards which should be adhered to in as far as environmental conservation is concerned ought to inspect the activities of companies regularly to check for compliance or non – compliance to the rules that are imposed. Cases of non – compliance ought to be addressed in view of achieving environmental sustainability (Theobald, 2008, p.17). The laws regarding environmental conservation should be reviewed and heavy penalties placed on those who breach such laws for the purpose of conserving the environment. The excess damage caused to the environment when burning non- biodegradable products is a danger to the natural ecosystem.

The annual sustainability report data can be best handled through the installation of big data management systems to handle the calculation of the large data that is involved therein. The computation of such wide range of data by human hand causes fatigue and there is a high possibility of inaccuracy. The use of data management computation software such as SPSS would be effective in achieving high accuracy.

High ozone emission

The problem of emission of Ozone gas to the environment is eminent in companies. Incinerators are better while burning plastics as opposed to open air combustion. The significance of the ozone layer is in protecting the earth from global warming which is mostly destroyed by ozone gas (Jakab, 2011, p. 33). Further, the release of carbon dioxide to the environment has its side effects in promoting environmental pollution and leading to global warming. Similarly, companies that release greenhouse gases such as nitrogen, sulphur and carbon dioxide have the effect of causing acid rain and greenhouse effects. These developments are not entirely constructive but very destructive on the environment.

The conservation of the ozone layer involve the use of natural ways of handling the causative agents which might include, the recycling of wastes such as plastics without necessarily burning them and biological disposal of biodegradable wastes such as plant products to produce manure. These are the operands of this proposal and the achievements that it aims to attain. The best way of handling the volatile organic compounds and nitrogen oxides is primarily through the installation of functioning Leak Detection and Repair systems. In the case of gas leakages in industries, the implementation of the Air Quality Monitoring systems can be effective in a bid to stop the build – up of ozone gas particularly the emission of volatile organic compounds and nitrogen oxides.

Conclusion

This proposal is aimed at identifying better ways of management of volatile organic compounds and nitrogen oxides. Further, the report has its significance in identifying the possible causes of the destruction caused to the ozone layer and recommends recycling of wastes as a way of stopping the damage caused to the environment as a result of the emission of; carbon, volatile organic compounds and nitrogen oxides. Moreover, the proposal is aimed at establishing the role of employees in organizations with regards to the emission of volatile organic compounds and nitrogen oxides that cause the depletion of the ozone layer.

Importantly, there has to be implemented systems that include software that are developed to handle large data to avoid inconsistency in the results that are obtained during the calculation of the annual sustainability reports. In organizations, environmental management assists in the maintenance of health and safety standards as is the regulation instituted by Occupational Safety and Health Standards (OSHA) industrial hygiene technical manual, 1984, p.11).

Bibliography

Top of Form

Freedman, M. and Jaggi, B. 2010. Sustainability, environmental performance and disclosures. Bingley: Emerald.

Hambler, C. 2004. Conservation. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Koppmann, R. 2007. Volatile Organic Compounds in the Atmosphere. Chichester, John Wiley & Sons. http://www.123library.org/book_details/?id=13489.

Metz, B. 2005. IPCC/TEAP special report on safeguarding the ozone layer and the global climate system: issues related to hydrofluorocarbons and perfluorocarbons. Cambridge, Cambridge Univ. Press.

OSHA Industrial Hygiene Technical Manual. 1984. Commerce Clearing House. Chicago, IL:

Oversight of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration. (1988). Washington: U.S. G.P.O.        

Saarinen, M. 2016. VW emissions scandal: VW Group to fix or buy back 500,000 affected cars in the US. [online] Auto Express. Available at: http://www.autoexpress.co.uk/volkswagen/92893/vw-emissions-scandal-recalls-compensation-is-your-car-affected-latest-news [Accessed 7 May 2016].

Sautter, J. 2010. State Environmental Law and Carbon Emissions: Do Public Utility Commissions Use Environmental Statutes to Fight Global Warming?.The Electricity Journal, 23(8), pp.37-50.

Theobald, R. 2008. Environmental management. New York: Nova Science Publishers.

Vile, J. 2010. Encyclopedia of constitutional amendments, proposed amendments, and amending issues, 1789-2010. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO.

Bottom of Form