Religion and Philosophy
Since the foundation of human existence, religion sought to offer meaning to the world through assisting people to grasp the world’s mysteries. Religions came with accepted dogma that followers accept without much questioning. However, inflexibility and intolerance have emerged during the interpretation of religious values, leading to conflict. The conflict between Israel and Palestine emerged dues religious misunderstandings. Both Israel and Palestine possess some form of religious identity instilled in their constitutions, although Israel does not have a real constitution (Haddad 111). The 9/11 tragedy resulted to religious animosity between Christians and Muslims, as Americans made an attempt to curbs terrorism, which was advocated by Islam.
Different beliefs and values determine how religious groups perceive various practices in terms of social justice. For instance, Judaism and Christianity perceive capital punishment in different perspectives. According to the Old Testament, Moses advised Israelites to execute people who committed heinous crimes, such as murder, rape, incest, witchcraft, and false prophesy. Even profaning the Sabbath (Exodus 35:2) could amount to death penalty (Weisheit and Morn 4).On the contrary, in the New Testament, Jesus supported capital punishment, but also suggested that grace can be sufficient verdict, as in the case of the adulterous woman (John 8:1-11). Christians believe that Christ’s blood shed during crucifixion spares them from capital punishment.
Religion plays a major part in shaping individual’s identity through worldview, thus enabling humans to solve world’s mysteries. Although philosophy attempts to understand world’s mysteries, just like religion, it utilizes reasoning rather than faith. Philosophy enables people to make decisions that promise good life (Weisheit and Morn 15). The nature of man in both religion and philosophy is that humans deserve freedom that enable them sustain their dignity. Christians believe that humans were created through God’s will, thus, they have to live in peace with each other. Buddhists also believe in coexisting peacefully to guarantee social justice and a better life. Hence, justice is an element of human nature, regardless of one’ religion.
Haddad, Yvonne Yazbeck. “Between A Rock And A Hard Place: Anglicans In Palestine/Israel And Christian-Muslim Relations.” Anglican Theological Review 96.1 (2014): 109-131. Academic Search Premier. Web. 1 Sept. 2015.
Weisheit, Ralph A, and Frank Morn. Pursuing Justice: Traditional and Contemporary Issues in Our Communities and the World. , 2015. Internet resource.